Bakarka : Méthode d'apprentissage individuel de la langue Basque, by J.A. Letamendia. 1995. (This is the text that I used at the Université de Pau when I audited the first year Basque course in Winter 2004) Shortcuts in the English glosses : eg. P.1SA = pronoun, 1st person singular absolutive First letter : P : Pronoun V : Verb (izan is the only verb that is conjugated in the book by this point) The number : 1, 2 or 3 for the person though there are no 3rd person pronouns in Basque;…

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  • -ak

    the (pl.)

    al

    Jap: ka ; Mand: ma (Interrogative particle)

    argi

    light

    ariketa

    exercise (as in language practice)

    aurpegi

    face

    baina

    but (1)

    baizik

    but (2), if not

    Barkatu

    Excuse me

    baserri

    farm

    baserritar

    farmer

    bat

    one, a

    behar izan

    to need sth., to have to do sth.

    beraz

    therefore, so

    beste

    other

    dira

    V.3PI

    dugu

    V.1PT

    dute

    V.3PT

    duzu

    V.2ST

    duzue

    V.2PT

    eder

    beautiful

    egunon

    Hello

    emakume

    woman

    esan

    to say

    eskola

    school

    etxe

    house

    ez

    no, not

    ez da

    (he/she) is not

    ez naiz

    (I) am not

    ez zara

    (you) are not

    fonetika

    phonetics

    galdera

    question

    gara

    V.1PI

    garbi

    clean

    gauza

    thing

    gazte

    young

    gogora ezazu

    revision

    gu gara

    we are

    guk dugu

    we have

    gurasoak

    parents

    haiek (1)

    those yonder

    haiek (2)

    P.3PA

    haiek (3)

    P.3PE

    haiek dira

    they are

    haiek dute

    they have

    hark du

    he/she has

    harri

    stone

    hauek

    these

    haur

    child

    herri

    village

    hiru

    three

    horiek

    those

    hura (1)

    that yonder

    hura (2)

    P.3SA

    hura da

    he/she is

    ikasgai

    lesson

    ikasle

    student

    itsusi

    ugly

    iturri

    faucet

    izan

    to be

    izen sintagma

    the noun phrase

    jaun

    sir, mister

    kale

    street

    langile

    worker

    lantegi

    workshop

    liburu

    book

    mahai

    table

    mendi

    mountain

    nahiko

    enough

    naiz

    V.1SI

    neska

    girl

    ni naiz

    I am

    nik dut

    I have

    nolako+ +a

    what kind of ... ? (to elicit an adjective)

    nor (1)

    who (abs)

    nor (2)

    absolutive case

    nork (1)

    who (erg)

    nork (2)

    ergative case

    ondo esan beharko

    I'm fine

    ontzi

    dish

    ortografia

    spelling

    pezeta

    peseta

    polit

    pretty

    sintagm

    phrase

    txiki

    little

    zara

    V.2SI

    zarete

    V.2PI

    zein

    which

    Zer moduz?

    How are you?

    zikin

    dirty

    zu zara

    you (sing.) are

    zuek (1)

    P.2PA

    zuek (2)

    P.2PE

    zuek duzue

    you (pl.) have

    zuek zarete

    you (pl.) are

    zuk duzu

    you (sg.) have

    Pro(Absolutive)+Neg+V+Complement

    Intrans VP

    Q+N+Adj+Det+Pl

    Word order of NP

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