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  • indirect questions, relative clauses, complements (with subjunctive) and first person optative:

    -en

    negation-polarity complement clause (partitive, perhaps)

    -enik

    time clause, would be translated as 'when'

    -enean

    manner, translated as 'as'

    -enez

    indirect statements, circumstances, complements with subjunctive, third person optative

    -ela

    time/circumstance, translated as 'while' or 'when'

    -elarik

    reason clause, 'because'

    -elako

    condition clause

    ba-

    explanatory or reason clause - 'since'

    bait-

    not it know I who he/she is indirect

    ez dakit nor den

    there he walks indirect man the my father he is

    hor dabilen gizona nire aita da

    want more it have I come he may (I prefer him to come)

    nahiago dut etor dadin

    letter this write it have I read it you might (I have written this letter in order for you to read it)

    gutun hau idatzi dut irakur dezazun

    drink it we may!

    edan dezagun!

    not it have I say come will he is negation (I didn't say that he is going to come)

    ez dut esan etorriko denik

    coming is when will say it to her I (when she comes I will tell her)

    etortzen denean esango diot

    before say it have I as, tomorrow come will he is

    lehen esan dudanez, bihar etorriko da

    I the doer it know as, that not it is true (as far as I know, that is not true)

    nik dakidanez, hori ez da egia

    opinion it have I come will he/she indirect (I think she will come)

    uste dut etorriko dela

    street through she comes by circumstance, this sing she have past (as she comes walking along the street, this is what she sang)

    kaletik zetorrela hauxe kantatu zuen

    to here come he might say will to him have I (I will tell him to come here)

    hona etor dadila esango diot

    him-the-doer eat it he may!

    berak jan dezala!

    good will spend it have you Basque learning you are while (you will have a good time when learning Basque)

    ondo pasako duzu euskara ikasten ari zarelarik

    you the doer call me have you because come I am (I have come because you called me)

    zuk deitu didazulako etorri naiz

    Basque learn if have you, the Basques understand will them have you

    euskara ikasten baduzu, euskaldunak ulertuko dituzu

    not since have you Basque learn, not them have you Basques understand

    ez baituzu euskara ikasi, ez dituzu euskaldunak ulertzen

    ez dakit nor den

    I do not know who she is

    hor dabilen gizona nire aita da

    that man there is my father

    nahiago dut etor dadin

    I prefer him to come

    gutun hau idatzi dut irakur dezazun

    I have written this letter in order for you to read it

    edan dezagun!

    let's drink it!

    ez dut esan etorriko denik

    I didn't say that he is going to come

    etortzen denean esango diot

    when she comes I will tell her

    lehen esan dudanez, bihar etorriko da

    as I said before, he will come tomorrow

    nik dakidanez, hori ez da egia

    as far as I know, that is not true

    uste dut etorriko dela

    I think she will come

    kaletik zetorrela hauxe kantatu zuen

    as she comes walking along the street, this is what she sang

    hona etor dadila esango diot

    I will tell him to come here

    berak jan dezala!

    may HE eat it!

    ondo pasako duzu euskara ikasten ari zarelarik

    you will have a good time when learning Basque

    zuk deitu didazulako etorri naiz

    I have come because you called me

    euskara ikasten baduzu, euskaldunak ulertuko dituzu

    I you learn Basque, the Basque will understand you

    ez baituzu euskara ikasi, ez dituzu euskaldunak ulertzen

    since you have not learned Basque, the Basque do not understand you

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