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72 True/False questions

  1. Nire lagunak nik euskara ikastea nahi duShort stem + te/tze + determiner as complement clause: my friend wants me to learn Basque (my friend the doer I the doer Basque learning want is)

          

  2. ikusten nuenI used to see

          

  3. Liburu bat erosiko dut euskara ikastekoShort stem + te/tze + ko as 'in order to': I will buy a book in order to learn Basque (book one will buy it have I Basque (in order to) learn-of)

          

  4. synthetic pastsimple past

          

  5. etorriko banintzI came, I had come

          

  6. lagunduko didazu?Could you help me please? (help-will me-aux-you?)

          

  7. perfect stem and past auxiliarypast habitual

          

  8. Euskara ikasteak asko lagunduko dizuI can learn

          

  9. joan behar dutI have to go

          

  10. future stem and hypothetic potential auxiliaryhypothetic (if...)

          

  11. hau esatera etorri naizI am learning

          

  12. short stem and present aorist auxiliarypresent subjunctive (literature, mainly)

          

  13. etor naitekeI came, I had come

          

  14. berandu oheratzea tzarra daShort stem + te/tze + determiner is verbal noun: going to bed late is bad (late go-to-bed-ing bad is)

          

  15. hau jakinik/jakinda, ez nion sinetsiPerfect + rik/ta/da as stative adverbial: 'knowing this, I did not believe him' (this know-some, not him am I believing)

          

  16. emaidazu!give! (non-finite)

          

  17. future stem and hypothetic auxiliaryhypothetic (if...)

          

  18. etorri nintzenI have come

          

  19. Imperfect stem and present auxiliaryPresent habitual

          

  20. ikusi dutI would see, I would have seen

          

  21. izaten nintzenI used to be

          

  22. zu ikustean, gogoratu naizShort stem + te/tze + an meaning on (verb)ing: on seeing you, I remembered (you-done-to seeing at, remembering am I)

          

  23. Perfect + behar + (ukan)progressive (I am...)

          

  24. imperfect stem and past auxiliaryPresent habitual

          

  25. etorri ahal izango zaraYou will be able to come

          

  26. zuk ikusitako gizona itsua daPerfect + tako/dako as an adjective: the man you saw is blind (you the doer seen man the blind is)

          

  27. jakin izan balu, etorriko zenif he had known, he would have come (know is if-he, will come he did)

          

  28. Imperfect + ari + (izan)volition (I want...)

          

  29. perfect stem and present auxiliaryNear past (usually today)

          

  30. egia izango dacome! (compound)

          

  31. ikusiko nuke...then I would see

          

  32. zatoz!give! (non-finite)

          

  33. botilak irekitzeko tresna batShort stem + te/tze + ko as adjective: a tool for opening bottles (bottle plural open-of tool one)

          

  34. ikusiko nuenI used to see

          

  35. future stem and past auxiliarypast habitual

          

  36. ikasten ari naizI am learning

          

  37. ardoa edatea erabaki duguShort stem + te/tze + ra as complement of movement verbs: I have come to say this (this saying-to come I am)

          

  38. ikasi nahi dutI want to learn

          

  39. ikus dezaketthat I may see

          

  40. short stem and imperative aorist auxiliarycompound imperative

          

  41. jan behar dituzuI have to go

          

  42. etor zaitez!come! (compound)

          

  43. short or perfect stemI can come

          

  44. dirua hartuz, joan zenPerfect + ez as dynamic adverbial participle: taking the money, he went (money-the taking, go he was)

          

  45. etorriko nintzateke...then I would come

          

  46. etor nadincome! (compound)

          

  47. ikusiko banuif I saw, if I were to see

          

  48. leihoak irekitzen hasi zenShort stem + te/tze + ko as adjective: a tool for opening bottles (bottle plural open-of tool one)

          

  49. perfect/imperfect + ahal + (ukan/izan)volition (I want...)

          

  50. 'Come' hitzak 'etorri' esan nahi duShort stem + te/tze + determiner as complement clause: my friend wants me to learn Basque (my friend the doer I the doer Basque learning want is)

          

  51. egin ezazu!do it! (compound)

          

  52. ate ireki bat...atea irekia dagoShort stem + te/tze + determiner as complement clause: we have decided to drink wine (wine drinking decide it have we)

          

  53. haragia egosirik/egosita dagoPerfect + rik/ta/da as participial predicate: the meat is boiled (meat the boiled-some it is)

          

  54. etorriko nintzenI would come, I would have come

          

  55. ikus dezadanthat I may see

          

  56. eman!come! (synthetic)

          

  57. erosiko ditutif I saw, if I were to see

          

  58. short stem and present potential aorist auxiliarypresent subjunctive (literature, mainly)

          

  59. etor! Etorri!that I may come

          

  60. joan nahi zuenhe wanted to go

          

  61. etorri naizI have come

          

  62. etorriko zela esan zuenhe said he would come (come-will indirect say did he)

          

  63. izango naizthat I may come

          

  64. ikusi nuenI saw, I had seen

          

  65. synthetic imperativesimple imperative

          

  66. kantatzen dutI sing (regularly)

          

  67. ikasi/ikasten ahal dutI can learn

          

  68. future stem and present auxiliaryFuture

          

  69. Perfect + nahi + (ukan)progressive (I am...)

          

  70. irakasleak etxera joateko esan ditShort stem + te/tze + ko as adjective: a tool for opening bottles (bottle plural open-of tool one)

          

  71. Synthetic presentsimple past

          

  72. gure aurretik etorriko zenhe probably came before us (us in-front-from come-will he did)