An introduction to past participles in Bengali

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  • kôre

    having done

    likhe

    having written

    dekhe

    having seen

    sune

    having heard

    kheye

    having eaten

    theke

    having stayed

    hôye

    having become

    diye

    having given

    niye

    having taken

    ese

    having come

    giye

    having gone

    bas kôre asun!

    Come by bus!

    (Past participle used as postposition)

    skul theke āschi.

    I'm coming from school.

    (Past participle used as postposition)

    mɔndire bôse achi.

    I'm sitting in the temple.

    (Past participle used to express a state)

    mɔndire bôse thākbo.

    I'll sit in the temple.

    (Past participle used to express a state)

    niye ās

    to bring

    (Past participle in compound verb)

    niye jāoyā

    to take something somewhere

    (Past participle in compound verb)

    phire ās

    to come back

    (Past participle in compound verb)

    phire jāoyā

    to go back

    (Past participle in compound verb)

    côle jāoyā

    to go away, to move off

    (Past participle in compound verb)

    prɔsād kheye āsun!

    Come when you have had your Prasadam!

    dɔrjāṭā bɔndhô kôre āsun!

    Please shut the door and come in!

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