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Saracens (Arabs) in Spain. Land conquered to the saracens by Charlemange: Zona Franca "old Catalonia"
Guifre el Pelos - the great unifier of Catalonia. he broke off ties with the French monarch after receiving no assistance from him when they were attacked by the arabs
Medieval Catalonia - the king of Aragon, fearing the threat of absorption by the Kingdom of Castille, gave is daughter in marriage to the Catalan Count Ramon Berenguer IV
Jaume I The Conqueror. He was a count-king. To Catalans, the count-king ruled by contract and not by devine right. Starting the conquest of the Mediterranean.
the Catholic Kings - period of political and social upheaval, economic crisis and population decline. Each kingdom kept to itself.
The Reaper's War and the lost of the North Catalonia. France and Catalonia became allies to fight against Spain. Catalonia lost the war
1705- 1714 The War of the Spanish Succession
Felipe V vs. Archduke Charles (backed by Catalonia). Catalonia lost the war. Barcelona surrendered on Sep. 11th 1714
consequences of the Spanish War of Succession 1716
Felipe V and the new Political Order of 1716. A new tax system, cultural repression, close all catalan Universities, abolition of Catalan institutions, laws, and rights, construction of the citadel, reinforce of the castle of montjuic and walls
Catalonia is allowed to trade with American colonies. There is a will to recover Catalan Identity.
Workers - wealthy class ("Indianos") will to recover the catalan identity, symbols, traditions, institutions, and language
The Discord Block: Casa Batllo 1906, Casa Mila or La Pedrera 1906, Temple de la Sagrada Familia
19C - 1936
La Renaixenca (Catalan Renaissance), Catlan language and grammar official, dictatorship of Primo de Rivera (1923-19310), II Spanish Republic (1931-1936)
republicans, communists, socialists, anarchists, help mainly came from USSR, Mexico, and the International Brigades
Franco' s Dictatorship (1939-75)
Political: Franco head of Stat, government established as a single party
Economic: gold and foreign exchange reserves wiped out. destruction of industry, agriculture, infrastructure. high inflation, widespread poverty.
Franco's dictatorship consequences
Catholicism made the official religion of Spain and transcended into everything, republicans exiles, sent to interment camps, imprisioned or exiled.