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  • nový

    new

    starý

    old

    mladý

    young

    hezký

    nice

    ošklivý

    ugly

    černý

    black

    bílý

    white

    dobrý

    good

    špatný

    bad

    dlouhý

    long

    krátký

    short

    levný

    cheap

    drahý

    expensive

    malý

    small

    velký

    big

    moderní

    modern

    domáci

    home (as in hw)

    hvlani

    (doesn't change)

    Jaký-jaká-jaké

    what kind of? - declined as hard adj

    který-která-které

    which one - declined as hard adjectives

    my

    můj, moje, moje

    your

    tvůj, tvoje, tvoje

    his

    jeho

    her

    její

    our

    náš, naše, naše

    your pl.

    váš, vaše, vaše

    their

    jejích

    midnight

    půlnoc

    morning before noon

    dopolodné

    after-noon

    otpolodne

    ten-ta-to

    masc, fem, neuter demonstratives - the or it

    To je velmi hezké

    it is very nice

    to je zajimavé

    it is interesting

    to je výborné

    it is great

    to je dobré

    it is delicious / good

    Za málo

    for little- you're welcome

    prosim

    you're welcome, please, can i help you

    Jistě

    certainly

    Či

    whose?

    nalevo(vlevo)

    on the left

    napravo(vpravo)

    on the right

    nahoře

    up, at the top

    dole

    down

    vpředu

    in front of

    vzadu

    at the back

    uprostřed

    in the middle

    tady

    here

    tam

    (over) there

    mít

    ja mam, ty maš, on ma, my mame, vy mate, oni maji

    být

    ja jsem, ty jsi, on je (není), my jsme, vy jste, oni jsou

    Jsem doma

    i am at home

    Jsem ve škole

    I am at school

    Jsem na karlově univerzitě

    I am at Charles University

    čist

    to read

    psát

    to write

    pít

    to drink

    hrát

    to play

    žít

    to live

    jit

    to go on foot

    jet

    to go by vehicle

    pracovat

    to work

    jmenovat se

    to be called

    dekovat

    to thank

    kupovat

    to buy

    nakupovat

    to do shopping

    potřebovat

    to need

    cestovat

    to travel

    mailovat

    to send email

    diskutovat

    to discuss

    lyžovat

    to ski

    ukazovat

    to show

    Moct

    can; -e conjugation. můžu, může etc...

    chtít

    to want; chci, chceš chce, chceme, chcete chtěji

    muset

    must (-i conj); musím, musiš, musi, musíme,

    umět

    to know how (-i conj) umim, umiš, umí, umíme, umíte, umí

    Znat

    to know, to be acquainted with; takes direct object (accusitive case) [like je connais]

    Vědět

    to know about, to know a fact (like je sais)

    Kde

    Where

    kdo

    Who

    Kam?

    Where to? Jdo do kina, do divadla

    V

    Ja jsem v kině; preposition; A->e, consonants -> U

    někde

    some/anywhere

    někam

    to some-anywhere

    několik

    several

    nějak

    somehow

    někdo

    some-anybody

    něco

    some-anything

    nějaký

    some-any

    některý

    some-any

    něčí

    some-anybody§s

    nikde

    nowhere

    nikam

    to nowhere

    nikdy

    never

    nijak

    in no way

    nikdo

    no body

    nic

    nothing

    žadny

    no, none (jaky)

    žadny

    no, none (ktery)

    ničí

    nobody's

    double negation

    verb must be prefixed by ne

    chtít

    chci, chceš, chce, chceme, chcete, chtějí

    muset

    musím, musíš, musí, musíme, musíte, musí

    smět

    smím, smím, smí, smíme, smíte, smí, smějí

    rad(a) +

    conjugated verb

    před

    in front of, before, ago

    za

    behind, beyond

    nad

    above, over

    pod

    below, under

    mezi

    between

    mam rad (a) +

    accusitive

    libi se mi +

    nominative

    první

    first

    druhý

    second

    třetí

    third

    čtvrtý

    fourth

    pátý

    fifth

    dvacátý

    twentieth

    padesátý

    fiftieth

    šedesátý

    sixtieth

    stý

    one hundreth

    tisící

    one thousandth

    leden

    january

    unor

    februrary

    březen

    march

    duben

    april

    květen

    may

    červen

    june

    červenec

    july

    srpen

    august

    září

    september

    říjen

    october

    listopad

    november

    prosinec

    december

    Kolikátého je dnes

    what is todays date

    čtvrt na osm

    quarter going on 8 -- or 7:15

    pul osmé

    half of the 8th hour (7:30)

    za deset minut pul jedne

    in 10 minutes half of 1 (12:20)

    jaké je počasí

    how is the weather

    svítí slunce

    the sun is shining

    je jasno

    it is clear

    je polojasno

    it is partly cloudy

    je zataženo

    cloudy

    prší

    rain

    sněží

    snow

    fouká vítr

    wid

    je horko

    it is hot

    je teplo

    it is warm

    je zima

    it is cold

    stupňů

    degree

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