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  • What is the imperative tense?

    A tense used for giving commands. (For example, "Dance!")

    How do you put a regular verb in the imperative tense in Danish?

    Take an e off the end of the verb. (For example, "Dans!")

    What is the infinitive form of a verb?

    The infinitive form of a verb is the form which follows to. (For example, "to dance")

    How do you put a regular verb in the infinitive tense in Danish?

    You use the word at and include the e on the end (For example, "at danse")

    How do you put a regular verb in the past tense in Danish?

    add -ede or -te to the end of the verb. (For example, "dansede" or "spiste")

    How do you put a regular verb in the present tense in Danish?

    add -er to the end of the verb (For example, "Jeg danser" or "Hun danser")

    How do you put a regular verb in the present perfect tense in Danish?

    Add har before the word and et at the end (For example, "Hun har danset," meaning "She has danced")

    What is the present perfect tense?

    a perfective tense used to express action completed in the present ("I have finished" is an example of the present perfect")

    When is the pluperfect tense used?

    in referring to something that occurred earlier than the time being considered, when the time being considered is already in the past. (For example, "She had danced")

    How do you put a regular verb in the pluperfect tense in Danish?

    add havde before the verb and et at the end of it (For example, "Hun havde danset")

    What are the modal verbs in Danish?

    at skulle, at ville, at kunne (shall, will, can)

    Imperative form of the three modal verbs in Danish?

    skal/vil/kan

    Infinitive form of the three modal verbs in Danish?

    at skulle/at ville/at kunne

    Present tense form of the three modal verbs in Danish?

    skal/vil/kan

    Past tense form of the three modal verbs in Danish?

    skulle/ville/kunne

    Present perfect tense of the three modal verbs in Danish?

    har skullet/har villet/har kunnet

    Pluperfect form of the three modal verbs in Danish?

    havde skullet/havde villet/havde kunnet

    Neutrum

    et

    Group 1, 2, and 3 Nouns indefinite singular

    en/et before the word (For example, "en bil")

    Group 1, 2, and 3 Nouns definite singular

    en/et after the word (For example, "bilen")

    Group 1 Nouns indefinite plural

    add an -er to the end of the word (For example, "biler")

    Group 1 Nouns definite plural

    add an -erne to the end of the word (For example, "bilerne")

    Group 2 Nouns indefinite plural

    add an -e to the end of the word (For example, "dage")

    Group 2 Nouns definite plural

    add an -ene to the end of the word (For example, "dagene", meaning "the days")

    Group 3 Nouns indefinite plural

    do nothing

    Group 3 Nouns definite plural

    add -ene to the end of the word (For example, "årene", meaning "the years")

    What is the genitive?

    a case of nouns and pronouns (and words in grammatical agreement with them) indicating possession or close association (For example, "Meg's boat")

    How do you put a noun in the genitive form in Danish?

    Add an s, but no apostrophe (en uges/månedens/dages/årenes)

    What is the important thing to remember about adjectives?

    They must agree with the noun in gender and number!

    How do you use an adjective with a noun in the indefinite singular case in Danish?

    just use it normally, and make sure that you use the right gender (For example, "en god uge" or "et godt hus")

    How do you use an adjective with an utrum noun in the definite singular case in Danish?

    put the word "den" in front of the adjective and add an -e to the end of the adjective (For example, "Den gode uge")

    How do you use an adjective with a neutrum noun in the definite singular case in Danish?

    put the word "det" in front of the adjective and add an -e to the end of the adjective (For example, "Det gode hus")

    How do you use an adjective with an utrum noun in the indefinite plural case in Danish?

    add an e to the adjective and make sure that the noun agrees with it in gender and number (For example, "gode uger" meaning "good weeks")

    How do you use an adjective with a neutrum noun in the indefinite plural case in Danish?

    add an e to the adjective and make sure that the noun agrees with it in gender and number (For example, "gode huse" meaning "good houses")

    How do you use an adjective with an utrum or neutrum noun in the definite plural in Danish?

    put the word "de" in front of the adjective and make sure that the noun agrees with the adjective in gender and number (For example, "de gode huse" or "de gode uger")

    In the predicative position (after the noun (after the verbs at være (er)/blive): if the noun is utrum gender, singular

    no ending on the adjective

    In the predicative position (after the noun (after the verbs at være (er)/blive): if the noun is neutrum gender, singular

    add a -t on the adjective

    In the predicative position (after the noun (after the verbs at være (er)/blive): if the noun is plural, both utrum and neutrum gender:

    add an -e on the adjective

    Regular adjectives: Positive/Comparative/Superlative in Danish

    do nothing/add -ere on the end/add -est on the end (For example, ny/nyere/nyest)

    Adjectives ending in ind:
    Positive/Comparative/Superlative in Danish

    do nothing/add -ere on the end/add -st on the end (For example, "billig/billigere/billigst")

    Irregular adjectives: gammel
    Positive/Comparative/Superlative in Danish

    gammel/ældre/ældst

    Irregular adjectives: ung
    Positive/Comparative/Superlative in Danish

    ung/yngre/yngst

    Long and abstract adjectives: charmerende
    Positive/Comparative/Superlative in Danish

    charmerende/mere charmerende/mest charmerende

    Long and abstract adjectives: egoistisk
    Positive/Comparative/Superlative in Danish

    egoistisk/mere egoistisk/mest egoistisk

    How do you say, "the newest"?

    den nyeste

    Adverbs refer to the verb, or ____

    say something about the verb

    simple adverbs examples?

    ikke, også, gerne, lidt

    derived adverbs examples?

    godt, dejligt, fint

    Derived adverbs have a -t ending, which corresponds to

    the English -ly

    What do you do to an adverb in its static form?

    Add an -e

    Example of adverbs in static form?

    ude/henne/oppe

    First person singular subject (I)

    jeg

    First person singular object (me)

    mig

    Second person singular subject (you)

    du

    Second person singular object (you)

    dig

    Third Person Singular subject (he/she/it)

    han, hun, den, det

    Third person singular object (him/her/it)

    ham, hende, den, det

    First person plural subject (we)

    vi

    First person plural object (us)

    os

    Second person plural object (you guys)

    jer

    Second person plural subject (you guys)

    I

    Third person plural subject (they)

    de

    Third person plural object (them)

    dem

    First person singular noun (my)
    Utrum/neutrum/plural

    min/mit/mine

    Second person singular noun (your)
    Utrum/neutrum/plural

    din/dit/dine

    Third person singular noun (his/her/its)
    Utrum and neutrum and plural

    hans/hendes/dens/dets

    First person plural (our)
    Utrum and neutrum and plural

    vores

    Second person plural (your)

    jeres

    Third person plural (their)

    deres

    When using nogen/noget/nogle
    If the noun is utrum gender, singular it is replaced by

    nogen

    When using nogen/noget/nogle
    If the noun is neutrum gender, singular it is replaced by

    noget

    If the noun is uncountable, ___ is used

    noget

    If the noun is in plural it is replaced by:

    nogle if you would use "some" in English and nogen if you would use "any" in English

    Many commonly used Danish verbs are formed reflexively, where the verb is followed by a reflexive pronoun, which must agree with the subject. The only difference from person pronouns is in

    the 3rd person singular, where the reflexive pronoun is 'sig' (For example, "Han vasker sig" means "he washes himself")

    Examples of reflexive pronouns

    at forelske sig, at gifte sig, at kede sig, at vaske sig
    Hun forelsker sig i ham, de gifter sig, jeg glæder mig, vi vasker os, keder du dig?

    What are the relative pronouns and what do they mean?

    der and som, meaning that, who, or which

    The relative pronouns "der" and "som" are independent of what they refer to, meaning

    They do not have to agree in either gender or number

    Where is it possible to use som?

    Anywhere that you would use who, which, and that as a relative pronoun

    What are relative pronouns?

    Relative pronouns introduce relative clauses, which are a type of dependent clause. Relative clauses modify a word, phrase, or idea in the main clause. (For example, "The house THAT Jack built is large.")

    Prepositions: at somebody's

    hos

    Prepositions: in/at a store

    i

    Prepositions: to, going somewhere

    til

    Prepositions: in, being somewhere

    i, på

    Prepositions: on

    When a sentence begins with an adverbial expression or an adverb (like "yesterday", which is an adverb, or "last year" or "now", which are adverbial expressions), what happens?

    The normal word order -- verb, subject -- is inverted. This means that the subject follows the verb. (For example, a sentence with the normal word order would be, "Jeg synger sangen nu" but the inverted word order would be, "Nu synger jeg sangen")

    Which word meaning "think" expresses uncertainty?

    tro

    Which word meaning "think" expresses a conviction based on personal experience?

    synes

    Which word meaning "know" is used in a sentence like, "I know somebody" or "I know her"?

    kende

    Which word meaning "know" expresses knowledge?

    vide

    Which word meaning "know" expresses something that requires intellectual effort?

    tænke

    Adjectives can ____, but adverbs always, _________ (write full sentence)

    Adjectives can change, but adverbs always end in t

    Do you use inversion for subordinate clauses?

    No.

    Sing me the noun song (of my people)

    en, er, erne
    en, e, ene
    en, no, ene
    and that's enough for me

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