AP English Language Vocabulary flashcards | Quizlet
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  • Ad Hominem Argument

    Attacks the opposing speaker or another person rather than addressing the issues at hand

    Allegory

    Fictional work in which the characters represent ideas or concepts

    Alliteration

    The repetition of consonant sounds, usually at the beginning of words

    Allusion

    A reference, usually oblique or faint, to another thing, idea, or person

    Ambiguity

    Uncertain or indefinite; subject to more than one interpretation

    Analogy

    The correspondence or resemblance between two things that are essentially different

    Anecdote

    A short story used to illustrate a point the author is making

    Antecedent

    Every pronoun refers back to a previous noun or pronoun

    Antithesis

    An opposition or contrast of ideas that is often expressed in balanced phrases or clauses

    Apostrophe

    A figure of speech in which an absent person or personified object is addressed by a speaker

    Appositive

    A word or phrase that follow a noun or pronoun for emphasis or clarity

    Assonance

    A type of internal rhyming in which vowel souds are repeated

    Asyndeton

    When the conjunctions (such as "and" or "but") that would normally connect a string of words, phrases, or clauses are omitted from a sentence

    Atmosphere

    The emotional feeling -or mood- of a place, scene, or event

    Attitude

    The feelings of a particular speaker or piece of writing toward a subject, person, or idea

    Contrast

    Oppositions

    Colloquial Language

    Slang or common language that is informal

    Connotative

    The interpretive level of a word based on associated images rather than the literal meaning

    Deductive Argument

    The process of moving from a general rule to a specific example

    Diction

    An author's choice of words

    Didactic

    Writing which has the purpose of teaching or instructing

    Elegy

    A work that expresses sorrow

    Ellipses

    Indicated by a series of three periods; shows that words have been omitted

    Ethos

    Refers to generally ethics, or values

    Euphemism

    A mild or pleasant sounding expression that substitutes for a harsh, indelicate, or simply less pleasant idea

    Exposition

    Writing or speech that is organized to explain

    Figurative Language

    All uses of language that imply an imaginative comparison

    Foreshadowing

    A purposeful hint placed in a work of literature to suggest what may occur later in the narrative

    Hyperbole

    A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used to achieve emphasis

    Imagery

    A mental picture that is conjured by specific words and associations

    Inductive Argument

    Creating a case by providing specific examples and drawing a conclusion based on the evidence they provide

    Irony

    When a situation produces and outcome that is the opposite of what is expected

    Juxtaposition

    When two contrasting things are placed next to each other for comparison

    Logos

    The use of reason as a controlling principle in an argument

    Metaphor

    A figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared directly

    Metonymy

    A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it

    Mood

    The prevailing or dominant feeling of a work, scene, or event

    Onomatopoeia

    An effect created by words that have sounds that reinforce their meaning

    Oxymoron

    Two contradictory words in one expression

    Paradox

    A seeming contradiction that in fact reveals some truth

    Parallelism

    A literary technique that relies on the use of the same syntactical structures

    Parody

    An effort to ridicule or make fun of a literary work or an author by writing a comic imitation of the work

    Pathos

    A sympathetic feeling of pity or compassion evoked by an artistic work

    Periodic Sentence

    Presents the main clause at the end of the sentence, for emphasis

    Persona

    The character created by the voice and narration of the speaker of a text

    Personification

    A figure of speech in which ideas or objects are described as having human qualities or personalities

    Point of View

    The particular perspective from which a story is told

    Pun

    A play on words

    Repetition

    The reiteration of a word or phrase for emphasis

    Rhetoric

    The art and logic of a written or spoken argument to persuade, to analyze, or to expose

    Rhetorical Strategy

    The way an author organizes words, sentences, and overall argument in order to achieve a particular purpose

    Rhetorical Devices

    The specific language tools that an author uses to carry out a rhetorical strategy (diction, imagery, or syntax)

    Rhetorical Question

    A question that is asked for the sake of argument

    Satire

    To ridicule or mock ideas, persons, events, or doctrines

    Selection of Detail

    The specific words, incidents, images, or events the author uses to create a scene or narrative

    Simile

    A commonly used figure of speech that compares one thing with another using the words "like" or "as"

    Speaker

    The narrator of a story, poem, or drama

    Syllogism

    A form of deductive reasoning in which pieces of evidence are used to create a new conclusion

    Symbol

    Something that stands for something else

    Synonym

    A word that has the same, or nearly the same, meaning as another word

    Syntax

    The way words are arranged in a sentence

    Tension

    A feeling excitement and expectation the reader or audience feels because of the conflict, mood, or atmosphere of the work

    Theme

    The central idea

    Tone

    Attitude

    Understatement

    When an author assigns less significance to an event or thing than it deserves

    Zeugma

    When a word is used with two adjacent words in the same construction, but only makes literal sense with one of them

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