refers to a specialized language providing a shorthand method of quick communication between people in the same field.
EX: The basis of assessment for Schedule D Case I and II, other than commencement and cessation, is what is termed a previous year basis. (legal jargon)
Poetic and rhetorical device placing normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases next to one another.
EX: Robert Frost's poem "Fire and Ice"
In arguing her point, a writer or speaker should always give the opponent some credit for his / her ideas.
Litotes (li-to'-tees )
understatement, for intensification, by denying the contrary of the thing being affirmed.
EX: A few unannounced quizzes are not inconceivable.
using facts, statistics, historical references, or other such proofs in order to convince the audience of one's position
methods of pseudo-reasoning that may occur accidentally or may be intentionally contrived to lend plausibility to an unsound argument. See Appendix A for specific fallacies and examples.
A sentence grammatically complete at some point (or points) before the end; opposite of a periodic sentence.
A figure of speech characterized
by the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with
the word in mind for the word itself.
EX: We commonly speak of the king as "the crown" (an object closely associated with kingship thus being made to stand for "king").
"The suits on Wall Street walked off with most of our savings." (suits and Wall Street are both examples of metonymy)
the use of words that by their sound suggest their meaning.
EX: "hiss," "buzz," "whirr," "sizzle"
a form of paradox that combines a pair of opposite terms into a single unusual expression
EX: "cold fire," "jumbo shrimp"
a phrase or statement that while seemingly contradictory or absurd may actually be well-founded or true
EX: "I don't hustle with people who are dishonest." -- Woody Harrelson (from the movie White Men Can't Jump)
the arrangement of parts of a sentence, sentences, paragraphs, and larger units of composition that one element of equal importance with another is similarly developed and phrased