AP English Rhetorical Terms (Set 3) flashcards | Quizlet
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  • Inverted Order of a Sentence

    predicate comes before the subject.

    Irony

    A mode of speech in which words express a meaning opposite to the intended meaning.

    Jargon

    refers to a specialized language providing a shorthand method of quick communication between people in the same field.
    EX: The basis of assessment for Schedule D Case I and II, other than commencement and cessation, is what is termed a previous year basis. (legal jargon)

    Juxtaposition

    Poetic and rhetorical device placing normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases next to one another.
    EX: Robert Frost's poem "Fire and Ice"

    Lending Credence

    In arguing her point, a writer or speaker should always give the opponent some credit for his / her ideas.

    Litotes (li-to'-tees )

    understatement, for intensification, by denying the contrary of the thing being affirmed.
    EX: A few unannounced quizzes are not inconceivable.

    Logical Appeal

    using facts, statistics, historical references, or other such proofs in order to convince the audience of one's position

    Logical Fallacies

    methods of pseudo-reasoning that may occur accidentally or may be intentionally contrived to lend plausibility to an unsound argument. See Appendix A for specific fallacies and examples.

    Loose Sentence

    A sentence grammatically complete at some point (or points) before the end; opposite of a periodic sentence.

    Metaphor

    A figure of speech involving an implied comparison.
    EX: "She is a rose!"

    Metonymy (me-TON-uh-me)

    A figure of speech characterized by the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself.
    EX: We commonly speak of the king as "the crown" (an object closely associated with kingship thus being made to stand for "king").
    "The suits on Wall Street walked off with most of our savings." (suits and Wall Street are both examples of metonymy)

    Mood

    the overall atmosphere of a work

    Motif

    recurrent images, words, objects, phrases, or actions that tend to unify the work

    Narration

    the story of events and/or experiences that tells what happened.

    Natural Order Sentence

    subject comes before the predicate

    Onomatopoeia

    the use of words that by their sound suggest their meaning.
    EX: "hiss," "buzz," "whirr," "sizzle"

    Oxymoron

    a form of paradox that combines a pair of opposite terms into a single unusual expression
    EX: "cold fire," "jumbo shrimp"

    Paradox

    a phrase or statement that while seemingly contradictory or absurd may actually be well-founded or true
    EX: "I don't hustle with people who are dishonest." -- Woody Harrelson (from the movie White Men Can't Jump)

    Parallelism

    the arrangement of parts of a sentence, sentences, paragraphs, and larger units of composition that one element of equal importance with another is similarly developed and phrased

    Periodic sentence

    a sentence not grammatically complete before its end

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