AQA GCSE English - Unseen poetry and poetic technique flashcards | Quizlet

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  • First person

    "I" and "Me", Personal perspective

    Second person

    Talking to someone directly e.g. "you"

    Third person

    Talking about somebody and is more distant e.g. "she" or "He"


    How people speak, how it is writen


    The language, structure and form of the poem. No one answer is right!, as long as you can back it up


    Key ideas/subjects within the poem, such as Race, Violence, War etc.


    The mood/feel of the poem, such as Angry, Mournful etc. Also means the mood and the attitude of the author and evokes feelings in the reader but these feelings are not the tone itself


    The syntax(order) of the words/of words order...(get it?)
    This includes things such as Verbs, Adverbs, Nouns and Adjectives


    Action words in the following format:
    Present simple - "eat"
    Present continuous - "am eating"
    Past simple- "ate"
    Past continuous - " was eating"


    Describe actions often ending in "ly" e.g. "slowly" and "cautiously"

    Proper nouns

    Names of people or places. They start with a capitol letters and you cannot put "the" in front of them e.g. "London"

    Concrete nouns

    Things that you can touch e.g. "the concrete table"

    Abstract nouns

    Naming words that you cannot touch e.g. "beauty"


    These describe nouns e.g. "the blue table"

    Figurative language

    Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling

    List of three

    A acronym to remember all the figurative language techniques


    Where you turn something into something else e.g. "The glass sea"


    Where a word sounds like its meaning e.g ."bang" or "woof"

    List of three

    Often a list of adjectives when describing e.g. "the cold, crisp, dry day"


    Comparing something to something else using words such as "like" or "as" e.g. "his fingers looked 'like' twigs"


    Literally repeating words for effect e.g. "slowly, slowly, he trundled along"


    When two words with the same starting letter are near to each other. e.g. "the cold cat"


    When things are given human qualities. e.g. "the dancing trees"

    Semantic words

    Words that can fit into the same category or be listed under another word. e.g. "blood", "guts", "coward" can all fit under the category of "war"


    Opposite words that go next to each other e.g. "love's hate"


    Exaggeration of something e.g. "the world grieved"

    Archaic vocabulary

    Old fashioned words such as "thou" and "thyself" etc.

    Latinate words

    Words that derive from the Latin language e.g. "consume". They tend to be more sophisticated words

    Old English/Anglo-Saxon words

    Often more basic words in the English language e.g. "eat"


    Words that are written as they sound e.g. "i woz ere"


    How people speak. E.g. slang, accent and grammar. Examples include "up di stairs" which is an accent


    Usage of symbols such as "!" to add emphasis, and dashes(-) to add a pause in the poem


    Where the line/sentence continues onto the next line

    Rhyme scheme

    The structure of the rhymes in the poem. e.g. a,b,a,b,a,a,b,b,a,b,c,a where "a" rhymes with other "a's" and "b" rhymes with other "b's" etc.

    Half rhyme

    Where the last consonants match e.g. "moon/on" is a half rhyme


    Where all consonants match e.g. "hall/hell"

    Internal rhyme

    Where there is a rhyme within a sentence e.g. "acclaim your glorious name"


    Where it only partially rhymes e.g. "sending/mend"


    Where the internal vowels match e.g. "see/feel"


    Where all the internal consonants match e.g. "collect/Dejection"

    Forced rhyme

    This is an imperfect match of words e.g. "seen/cleaned"

    Rhyming couplets

    A perfect rhyme between two lines e.g. "and so/I go"


    The beats in words e.g. "elephant" has three syllables


    Feet of two beets...(daDUM)

    Iambic pentameter

    Five pairs of syllables...(daDUM x5)

    Trochaic pentameter

    Five pairs of syllable but with DAdum instead of daDUM

    Form of a poem

    This means the shape of the poem/the overall structure e.g. a sonnet has fourteen lines in it and an elegy is a mournful poem


    An acronym that stands for Point, Evidence and Explain which is used to help you answer questions in an exam


    An acronym that stands for Structual Point, Evidence and Explain which is used to help you answer structure questions in an exam

    Key skills for comparing poems and what to look out for...

    Voices, context and themes
    The Tone of the poem
    Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Adverbs
    Semantic fields/words
    Dialect e.g. accents
    Rhyme and Rhythm
    The form

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