Academic Words Freshman English - Short Story flashcards | Quizlet

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  • short story

    a brief work of fiction that develops plot, conflict, characters, setting, mood and them all within a few pages


    what happens and how it happens in a narrative


    the introduction; sets the tone or mood, introduces the character and setting, and provides necessary background information


    the central problem or struggle of a story

    inciting incident

    the event which sets the conflict in motion

    rising action (complications)

    events that occur as a result of the central conflict


    highest point of interest and tension;turning point;

    falling action

    all the events that follow the climax


    the point at which the conflict is ended or resolved


    hints or clues to events that will happen later in a story


    interrupts the chronological sequence of a literary work and presentsan event that occurered earlier

    point of view (POV)

    vantage point or perspective from which the story is told; who is telling the story

    first-person point of view

    the story is told by someone who participates in or witnesses the action; this narrator uses words such as "I" and "we" in telling the story

    third-person point of view

    the narrator stands outside the action and observes, using such words as "he," "she," "it," and "they"

    third-person limited point of view

    the thoughts of only the narrator or a single character are revealed

    third-person omniscient

    the thoughts of all the characters are revealed

    unreliable narrator

    a narrator whose account of events appears to be faulty, misleadingly biased, or otherwise distorted


    the time and place in which a story occurs.


    A contrast between expectation and reality

    verbal irony

    occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought

    dramatic irony

    when a reader or audiene is aware of something that a character isn't

    situational irony

    an outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected


    the feeling or emotion the author creates for the reader by part or all of a story


    the people, animals or things (presented as people) who take part in the action of the story


    the main character


    the character or force that is in conflict with the protagonist

    indirect characterization

    the technique by which an author gives information about a character through which additional insight is implied (He read all the ancient philosophers. - What does this tell us about the character?)


    the act of describing or creating a character

    direct characterization

    the technique by which an author gives direct information about a character (He was six feet tall with blue eyes and brown hair. - No interpretation necessary)


    the central idea or perception about life that is revealed through a literary work

    flat character

    stereotyped, shallow, symbolic with few qualities or traits

    round character

    convincing, true to life character with many qualities and traits

    static character

    a character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end

    dynamic character

    a character who grows, learns, or changes as a result of the story's action


    a person, place or object that has a meaning in itself but suggests other meanings as well


    A piece of writing that tells a story.

    provides a backdrop for action

    The first function of setting.

    establishes an atmosphere or mood

    The second function of setting

    shapes character psychology

    the third function of setting

    shapes character action

    the fourth function of setting


    excitement or tension added to the story

    surprise ending

    conclusion the reader does not expect

    internal conflict

    struggle that takes place within the characters mind

    external conflict

    struggles that occurs with a person, animal, nature or concept outside of the characters mind

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