English Grammar - Basics flashcards | Quizlet
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  • noun

    a naming word; a word or group of words that represent a person, a place, a thing or activity, or a quality or idea

    verb

    a word or group of words that describes an action, experience, or state

    adverb

    a word that adds to the meaning of a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or a whole sentence

    adjective

    a word that describes a noun or pronoun

    pronoun

    a word that is used instead of a noun or noun phrase

    subject

    a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun that usually comes before a main verb and represents the person or thing that performs the action of the verb, or about which something is stated

    direct object

    the person or thing that is affected by the action of a transitive verb

    common noun

    any noun that is not the name of a particular person, place, or thing

    count noun

    a noun that has both a singular and plural form and can be used with 'a' or 'an'

    proper noun

    a noun that is the name of one particular thing; always written with an initial capital letter

    singular

    noun, verb, form etc that is used when writing or speaking about one person or thing

    plural

    shows you are talking about more than one thing, person etc.

    phrasal verb

    a group of words that is used like a verb and consists of a verb with an adverb or preposition after it

    preposition

    a word that is used before a noun, pronoun, or gerund to show place, time, direction etc.

    gerund

    a noun that is created from the ~ing form of a verb

    auxiliary verb

    a verb that is used with another verb to show its tense, person, mood, etc. In English they are 'be', 'do', and 'have'

    modal verb

    one of these verb forms: can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, ought to, used to, need, had better, and dare. They are all used with other verbs to express ideas such as possibility, permission, or intention

    indirect object

    an object of a verb that refers to the person that something is given to, said to, made for, etc

    complement

    a word or phrase that follows a verb and describes the subject of the verb

    transitive verb

    a type of verb that must have an object

    intransitive verb

    a verb that has a subject but no object

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