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  • Facts and stats

    Facts validate what you say. Cite your sources. Give audience numbers to prove it


    Transitions make language flow. They appear everywhere. Word phrases or even a whole sentence

    Using stories

    Tell stories that are short and sweet (like anecdotes) or some long and detailed. Everyone loves good stories

    Thank you statements

    Thank people because they like to be appreciated. Thank audience at the end.

    Visual aids

    Eye catchers focus audience. Emphasize the VA and make them bold. Don't pass it around.

    Reference to occasion or time

    Occasion- holidays and bdays
    Events- sports, parties, plays
    Historical- "remember the time"

    Asking questions

    Get audience thinking and engage them. If appropriate let audience answer. Use rhetorical questions.

    Summarizing main points

    Essential facts, major points
    paragraph= topic/clincher sentence
    Essay= thesis statement
    Don't be redundant

    Use quotations

    Quote words of others, he/she said. A quote is word for word. Give credit

    Issuing challenge of call to action

    If you want someone to do something just ask. Challenge people and be clear and specific

    Mottos and montras

    Words to live by. Use adages (wise sayings.) they're good to have and they keep us focused

    Using suspense

    Give hints but not all the info. Tease the audience but give all the info by the end

    Appeal to self interest

    Talk directly to the people in the audience.
    Motivation; Competition

    Background info

    Get familiar with topic. Find the history, the scoop, the 411.

    Code switching

    Changing the way you act or speak for each thing you do. Formal vs. informal professional vs. personal

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