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  • allegory

    A story in which characters, objects, or actions have a meaning beyond the surface of a story.


    A repetition of constant sound at the beginning of words.


    A reference to a mythological, literacy, or historical person, place, or thing.


    A character, action, or situation that is a prototype, or pattern, of human life.


    A person, animal, or imaginary creature in a literary work.


    An overused expression or idea.


    The dictionary definition of a word.


    Conversation between characters.


    A word choice intended to convey a certain effect.


    A long narrative poem about the adventures of a hero whose actions reflect the ideals and values of a nation or a group.


    The use of a word or phrase that is less expressive or direct, but considered less distasteful or offensive than another.


    The introduction to the characters, background, and setting of a short story or novel.


    The feelings and attitudes associated with a word.

    external conflict

    Opposition to a character which comes from environment, surroundings, or other characters; a character struggles against some outside force; man vs. man or man vs. nature.

    falling action

    The actions or events taking place after the high-point/climax.

    figurative language

    Expressions and imaginative language that is not literally true.

    first person point of view

    From the point of view of one character.


    A break in a time sequence to an earlier event or time.


    A hint or suggestion of a coming event.

    free verse

    Poetry without regular patterns of rhyme and rhythm.


    A form of literature; ex. fiction, nonfiction, science fiction, etc.


    The most exciting point of the story.


    A deliberate , extravagant, and often outrageous exaggeration.


    An accepted phrase or expression having a meaning different from the literal meaning.


    The words or phrases a writer uses to represent persons, objects, actions, feelings, and ideas descriptively by appealing to the senses.

    internal conflict

    The struggle within the character dealing with emotions and felling. takes place within the mind of character, man.vs.self


    A comparison of two different things without using like or as


    The emotional response of a reader to a text

    omniscient point of view

    all-knowing, all-seeing narrator, can we all the thoughts and actions of all characters


    use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning, such as hiss or bang.


    A form of paradox that combines a pair of opposite terms into a single unusual expression; ex . "jumbo shrimp"


    Giving human qualities to non-human things/objects.


    The sequence of events in a story.

    point of view (p.o.v)

    The position from which a story is told.


    A sound, word, phrase, or line is repeated for effect or emphasis.


    The end of the story where the conflict is worked out.

    rhyme scheme

    the pattern of end rhyme in a poem; the pattern is identified by assigning a letter of an alphabet; beginning with a, to each line; lines that rhyme are given the same letter.


    the pattern or flow of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables.


    the time and place a story takes place


    comparison of two different things or ideas using 'like' or 'as'


    The voice in a poem that talks to the reader; the speaker is not necessarily the poet.


    A grouping of two or more lines in a poem.


    The use of any object, person, place, or action that has a meaning in itself while standing for something larger than itself, such as a quality, attitude, belief, or value.


    The central message of a literary work; it is not the same as a subject, which can be expressed in a word or two; the theme is the idea the author wishes to convey about that subject; it is expressed as a sentence or general statement; literary work can have more than one theme.

    third person point of view

    told from the point of view from of one observer or narrator; record only what seen or heard.


    the write's or speaker's attitude towards the a subject, character, or audience; conveyed through the author's choice of diction, imagery, figurative language, and/or details.


    an author's or narrator's distinctive style or manner of expression.

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