figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. It may also be a situation that may end up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated. In simple words, it is a difference between the appearance and the reality.
A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole (as hand for sailor), the whole for a part (as the law for police officer), the specific for the general (as cutthroat for assassin), the general for the specific (as thief for pickpocket), or the material for the thing made from it (as steel for sword).
1. punctuation mark; 2. A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase. (ex: old news)
A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and syntax.
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity - also called vowel rhyme (ex: Do you like blue?)
A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
A descriptive word or phrase occurring with or in place of the name (ex: swift footed Achilles)
An extended comparison using "like" or "as" to compare two seemingly unlike things; also called a Homeric simile, developed over several lines of verse
invocation to the muse
The person telling the story is asking for help from the Muses to tell the story well and correctly
a character, neither totally good nor bad, whose downfall is brought by some weakness or error in judgement
Disclosure, discovery, recognition; the incident of the plot in which the central character discovers some major piece of information that profoundly affects his actions. change from ignorance to knowledge
deus ex machina
literally "God from the machine" a device used at the end where the gods intervene or resolve the plot; often artifical
An argumentative strategy by which a speaker or writer acknowledges the validity of an opponent's point. (logos and ethos)
a three part deductive reasoning device (logos)
1. general statement - The Declaration of Independence says all people are equal
2. particular example - People of color and women are people
3. conclusion - Therefore, no slavery and women's rights
A rhetorical figure of repetition in which the same word or phrase is repeated in (and usually at the beginning of) successive lines, clauses, or sentences. (pathos)