Ilisha's English Quizlet UPDATED flashcards | Quizlet
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  • lament

    to express sorrow; to grieve

    disdain

    (v.) to look upon with scorn; to refuse scornfully; (n.) a feeling of contempt

    supercilious

    behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others

    jovial

    Cheerful and friendly

    unscrupulous

    Having or showing no moral principles; not honest or fair

    draconian

    extremely harsh and severe (refers to laws or policies)

    correlation

    a mutual relationship or connection between two or more things

    volatile

    liable to change rapidly and unpredictably

    frivolous

    not having any serious purpose or value

    benevolent

    well meaning and kindly

    symbolism

    A device in literature where an object represents an idea.

    irony

    figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. It may also be a situation that may end up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated. In simple words, it is a difference between the appearance and the reality.

    metaphor

    A comparison that establishes a figurative identity between objects being compared.

    hyperbole

    a figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement

    synecdoche

    A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole (as hand for sailor), the whole for a part (as the law for police officer), the specific for the general (as cutthroat for assassin), the general for the specific (as thief for pickpocket), or the material for the thing made from it (as steel for sword).

    apostrophe

    1. punctuation mark; 2. A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.

    oxymoron

    A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase. (ex: old news)

    imagery

    Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

    allusion

    A reference to another work of literature, person, or event

    tone

    A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and syntax.

    repetition

    A name, key word, or phrase is repeated several times

    simile

    A comparison using like or as

    personification

    A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

    assonance

    Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity - also called vowel rhyme (ex: Do you like blue?)

    onomatopoeia

    A word that imitates the sound it represents. (ex: POW)

    foreshadowing

    A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.

    epithet

    A descriptive word or phrase occurring with or in place of the name (ex: swift footed Achilles)

    epic simile

    An extended comparison using "like" or "as" to compare two seemingly unlike things; also called a Homeric simile, developed over several lines of verse

    invocation to the muse

    The person telling the story is asking for help from the Muses to tell the story well and correctly

    hubris

    Excessive pride or arrogance

    in medias res

    in the middle of things, previous events are told in flashbacks

    arete

    pursuit of excellence and virtue, literally "that which is good"

    catharsis

    purging of emotions of pity and fear, which leaves the viewer relaxed and elated

    tragic hero

    a character, neither totally good nor bad, whose downfall is brought by some weakness or error in judgement

    hamartia

    a tragic flaw

    anagnorisis

    Disclosure, discovery, recognition; the incident of the plot in which the central character discovers some major piece of information that profoundly affects his actions. change from ignorance to knowledge

    peripeteia

    reversal in fortune, turning point

    choragos

    Leader of the chorus

    chorus

    embodied moral ideas of society in Greek theater

    paean

    A song or hymn of praise and thanksgiving

    dithyramb

    religious ritual performed by the chorus of men wearing masks

    deus ex machina

    literally "God from the machine" a device used at the end where the gods intervene or resolve the plot; often artifical

    theatron

    hillsides with wooden benches as theaters

    orchestra

    stage

    thymele

    altar for Dionysis

    skene

    rectangular wooden building used as a changing room and prop storage

    proskenion

    pretty much a stone skene with a back drop for the play

    parados

    the entrance for the chorus

    pathos

    emotional appeals (think sympathy)

    ethos

    ethical appeals, like credibility

    logos

    logical appeals

    concession

    An argumentative strategy by which a speaker or writer acknowledges the validity of an opponent's point. (logos and ethos)

    counterargument

    consists of concession and refutation (logos)

    syllogism

    a three part deductive reasoning device (logos)
    1. general statement - The Declaration of Independence says all people are equal
    2. particular example - People of color and women are people
    3. conclusion - Therefore, no slavery and women's rights

    anaphora

    A rhetorical figure of repetition in which the same word or phrase is repeated in (and usually at the beginning of) successive lines, clauses, or sentences. (pathos)

    alliteration

    Repetition of initial consonant sounds (pathos)

    first person plural pronouns

    use of "we" and "our" to establish a relationship between writer and audience

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