MICDS 9th Grade English Vocabulary flashcards | Quizlet
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  • abase

    (v.) to lower in rank or esteem; to degrade

    abomination

    (n.) a vile or detestable thing/ action/habit; an aversion or loathing

    ambrosia

    (n.) nectar of the gods

    appease

    (v.) to bring peace, quiet, or calm

    assuage

    (v.) to make less intense or severe [must take an object]

    atone

    (v.) to make amends for a sin; to reconcile

    audacity

    (n.) reckless daring; insolent boldness, (see gall)

    auspicious

    (adj.) favorable lucky, promising good fortune, fortunate,

    blanch

    (v.) to go pale or to flinch; to draw back—all from fear

    benefaction

    (n.) a contribution of money or assistance; an act of good will

    bombastic

    (adj.) pompous; absurdly lofty in style, pretentious, inflated

    brazen

    (adj.) openly shameless; immodest

    capricious

    (adj.) impulsive; unpredictable

    carrion

    (n.) rotting flesh

    clarion

    (adj.) loud and clear

    chauvinism

    (n.) severely biased or blind and utter devotion to any group, attitude, or cause.

    complacent

    (adj.) self-satisfied; contented to a fault, smug (not a positive trait!)

    cunning

    (adj.) knowing; skillful; (n) trickery

    demoralize

    (v.) to dispirit, to undermine the will, or courage of someone ; to corrupt or undermine the morals of;

    dissipate

    (v.) to drive away; to disperse; to cause to lose (such as energy or heat)

    domain

    (n.) a territory over which rule or control is exercised

    ecstatic

    (adj.) a state of joy; enraptured

    edict

    (n.) any authoritative proclamation or command, a declaration that has the force of a law

    enigma

    (n.) someone or something that is puzzling, ambiguous, or inexplicable

    expiate

    (v.) to atone; to make amends; to remove guilt or make up for

    expedient

    (adj.) that which serves to promote or advance; suitable means to accomplish an end, convenient (as contrasted with the proper or principled thing to do); (n) a means to an end

    extrapolate

    (v.) to infer (an unknown) or information from something that is known

    feign

    (v.) to give a false appearance; to fabricate

    fissure

    (n.) a long narrow opening or crack

    formidable

    (adj.) inspiring awe or admiration; arousing fear or alarm; imposing, large, forceful

    folly

    (n.) the state or quality of being foolish; lack of understanding or sense.

    gall

    (v.) to irritate or exasperate. (n.) the cause of such irritation or exasperation; (n) audacity, "nerve"

    guile

    (n.) treacherous cunning; skillful deceit

    guise

    (n.) one's outward appearance; (or sometimes) a false appearance; pretense: spoke to me under the guise of friendship (see "disguise")

    humility

    (n.) being humble; a modest estimation of one's own worth; lowly in estate

    illustrious

    (adj.) well known and very distinguished, noteworthy

    imperious

    (adj.) arrogantly overbearing, commanding; haughty, overbearing

    impalpable

    (adj.) intangible; not perceptible to the touch

    indignation

    (n.) anger aroused from injustice (adj) indignant

    innate

    (adj.) possessed at birth; inborn

    inordinate

    (adj.) not within proper or reasonable limits; excessive

    insidious

    (adj.) spreading harmfully in a sly stealthy or sneaky manner

    libation

    (n.) a sacrifice of wine (usually to the gods); more generally "drinks" (libations)

    liberation

    (n.) the act or state of being freed

    limpid

    (adj.) calm; untroubled; clear

    lithe

    (adj.) supple; marked by effortless grace

    ludicrous

    (adj.) laughably absurd

    maleficent

    (adj.) harmful or evil in intent

    mollify

    (v.) to calm in tempter; to soothe; to lessen in intensity

    munificence

    (n.) great generosity

    numinous

    (adj.) suggesting the presence of a god; spiritually elevated

    oracle

    (n.) a shrine for consulting a god; a person, such as a priestess, through whom a god is consulted

    pacify

    (v.) to ease the anger of; to end war or violence; to bring peace

    paltry

    (adj.) lacking in importance or worth; trivial

    pensive

    (adj.) thoughtful and meditative, in a state of dreamy thoughtfulness

    prudence

    (n.) showing good judgment; the careful management of money

    perfidious

    (adj.) treacherous; deceitful

    pine

    (v.) to feel a lingering desire; to waste away from longing or grief

    pristine

    (adj.) remaining in a pure state; uncorrupted by civilization

    prodigious

    (adj.) enormous; impressively great in force

    prudence

    (n.) caution with regard to practical matters; discretion

    putrid

    (adj.) foul-smelling; rotten

    ravenous

    (adj.) extremely hungry; greedy for gratification

    revere

    (v.) to regard with awe and devotion

    restitution

    (n.) compensating for loss, damage, or injury

    ruse

    (n.) a deceptive maneuver

    sanctity

    (n.) a thing of holiness, saintliness, or godliness

    serendipity

    (n.) good fortune; luck

    shroud

    (n.) a cloth to wrap a body for burial; (v) to wrap or cover in a cloth (or in secrecy/mystery)

    spurn

    (v.) to reject with contempt or scorn

    stratagem

    (n.) a military maneuver designed to deceive or surprise an enemy

    surfeit

    (n.) an excessive amount; overindulgence in food or drink

    supernal

    (adj.) celestial; heavenly

    tangible

    (adj.) possible to touch; concrete or real (compare with impalpable)

    variance

    (n.) the state, quality, or fact of being variable, different

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