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20 Multiple choice questions

  1. ( verb )
    (of a person) to feel very hot
    The soldiers were sweltering in their uniforms.
  2. ( noun )
    the income that a government or company receives regularly
    Taxes provide most of the government's revenue.
    Government revenues fell dramatically.
  3. ( verb )
    to happen many times or to happen again
    The theme of freedom recurs throughout her writing.
    If the pain/problem/trouble, etc. recurs, come and see me.

    recurrence ( noun )
    The doctor told him to go to the hospital if there was a recurrence of his symptoms.
  4. ( noun )
    someone with a very great ability which usually shows itself when that person is a young child
    The 16-year-old tennis prodigy is the youngest player ever to reach the Olympic finals.
    He read in the paper about a mathematical prodigy who was attending university at the age of 12.
  5. ( verb )
    to be or give a typical example of something
    This painting perfectly exemplifies the naturalistic style which was so popular at the time.

    exemplification ( noun )
  6. to publicly support or suggest an idea, development or way of doing something

    [+ -ing( verb )] She advocates taking a more long-term view.
    He advocates the return of capital punishment.

    advocacy (noun)
    She is renowned for her advocacy of human rights.
  7. (a formal) agreement
    On 31 May the two leaders signed a peace accord
    Before 1987, the accord between the Labour government and the unions was a simple affair.
    The project is completely in accord with government policy.
    of your own accord

    If you do something of your own accord, you do it without being asked to do it

    She came of her own accord. No one asked her to come.
    with one accord formal

    If people do something with one accord, they do it together and in complete agreement

    With one accord, the delegates walked out of the conference.
  8. ( verb )
    to lose the determination to oppose something; to accept defeat
    The town finally succumbed last week after being pounded with heavy artillery for more than two months.
    I'm afraid I succumbed to temptation and had a piece of cheesecake.
    I felt sure it would only be a matter of time before he succumbed to my charms.

    • to die or suffer badly from an illness
    Thousands of cows have succumbed to the disease in the past few months.
  9. ( noun )
    the richest, most powerful, best educated or best trained group in a society
    the country's educated elite
    a member of the elite
    disapproving A powerful and corrupt elite has bled this country dry.
  10. ( noun )
    • [C] a long and determined attempt to achieve something which you believe in strongly
    They have long been involved in a crusade for racial equality.
    a moral crusade against drugs
    • [C often plural] (also Crusade) a holy war fought by the Christians against the Muslims, often in Palestine, in the 11th, 12th, 13th and 17th centuries
  11. ( verb ) ( GET INVOLVED )
    to intentionally become involved in a difficult situation in order to improve it or prevent it from getting worse
    The Central Bank intervened in the currency markets today to try to stabilize the exchange rate.

    [+ to infinitive] The Minister intervened personally to stop the museum being closed.

    intervention ( noun )
    Half the people questioned said they were opposed to military

    intervention (in the civil war).
    Repeated interventions on the currency markets have failed to prevent the value of the currency falling.
  12. ( verb )
    to do or be better than
    His time for the 100 metres surpassed the previous world record by one hundredth of a second.
    The book's success has surpassed everyone's expectations.
    [R] The director has really surpassed himself (= done better than he has done before) with this new film.
  13. having a natural ability to do something that needs skill ( adj )

    She's very adept at dealing with the media.
    Tamsin Palmer gave an impressive and technically adept performance on the piano.
  14. ( adj )
    done or shown publicly or in an obvious way; not secret
    overt criticism
    overt racism
    He shows no overt signs of his unhappiness.

    overtly ( adverb )
    It was an overtly sexual advertising campaign.
  15. ( noun )
    features belonging to the culture of a particular society, such as traditions, languages or buildings, which still exist from the past and which have a historical importance
    These monuments are a vital part of the cultural heritage of South America.
  16. ( adjective )
    • having a lot of complicated decoration
    a room with an ornate ceiling and gold mirrors

    • mainly disapproving Language which is ornate contains too many complicated words or phrases

    Some students are put off studying his work because of the ornate language of the poetry.

    ornately ( adverb )
    a pair of ornately carved doors
  17. ( adj )
    able to move your body quickly and easily
    Monkeys are very agile climbers.
    You need to have agile fingers to do this kind of work.

    agility ( noun )
  18. foster
    verb ( TAKE CARE OF )

    [I or T] to take care of a child, usually for a limited time, without being the child's legal parent
    Would you consider fostering (a child)?

    Compare: adopt
  19. verb ( BURN BRIGHTLY )
    [I] to burn brightly either for a short time or not regularly
    The flame above the oil well flared (up) into the dark sky.
  20. ( noun )
    an idea that a lot of people think is true but which is false
    [+ that ] It is a common fallacy that women are worse drivers than men.