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  1. A figure of speech in which ideas or objects are described as having human qualities or personalities
  2. Writing which has the purpose of teaching or instructing
  3. Creating a case by providing specific examples and drawing a conclusion based on the evidence they provide
  4. A purposeful hint placed in a work of literature to suggest what may occur later in the narrative
  5. The repetition of consonant sounds, usually at the beginning of words
  6. The use of reason as a controlling principle in an argument
  7. A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it
  8. The specific language tools that an author uses to carry out a rhetorical strategy (diction, imagery, or syntax)
  9. A mild or pleasant sounding expression that substitutes for a harsh, indelicate, or simply less pleasant idea
  10. A word or phrase that follow a noun or pronoun for emphasis or clarity
  11. A mental picture that is conjured by specific words and associations
  12. Something that stands for something else
  13. When an author assigns less significance to an event or thing than it deserves
  14. When a situation produces and outcome that is the opposite of what is expected
  15. When a word is used with two adjacent words in the same construction, but only makes literal sense with one of them
  16. Every pronoun refers back to a previous noun or pronoun
  17. When two contrasting things are placed next to each other for comparison
  18. A literary technique that relies on the use of the same syntactical structures
  19. A sympathetic feeling of pity or compassion evoked by an artistic work
  20. The prevailing or dominant feeling of a work, scene, or event
  21. Presents the main clause at the end of the sentence, for emphasis
  22. A figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared directly
  23. Indicated by a series of three periods; shows that words have been omitted
  24. A short story used to illustrate a point the author is making
  25. An effort to ridicule or make fun of a literary work or an author by writing a comic imitation of the work
  26. Oppositions
  27. Writing or speech that is organized to explain
  28. An author's choice of words
  29. When the conjunctions (such as "and" or "but") that would normally connect a string of words, phrases, or clauses are omitted from a sentence
  30. A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used to achieve emphasis
  31. The narrator of a story, poem, or drama
  32. The way an author organizes words, sentences, and overall argument in order to achieve a particular purpose
  33. The way words are arranged in a sentence
  34. A feeling excitement and expectation the reader or audience feels because of the conflict, mood, or atmosphere of the work
  35. Fictional work in which the characters represent ideas or concepts
  36. All uses of language that imply an imaginative comparison
  37. The specific words, incidents, images, or events the author uses to create a scene or narrative
  38. A type of internal rhyming in which vowel souds are repeated
  39. The feelings of a particular speaker or piece of writing toward a subject, person, or idea
  40. An opposition or contrast of ideas that is often expressed in balanced phrases or clauses
  41. A reference, usually oblique or faint, to another thing, idea, or person
  42. Slang or common language that is informal
  43. A question that is asked for the sake of argument
  44. Attitude
  45. The emotional feeling -or mood- of a place, scene, or event
  46. A play on words
  47. The process of moving from a general rule to a specific example
  48. The reiteration of a word or phrase for emphasis
  49. Two contradictory words in one expression
  50. A form of deductive reasoning in which pieces of evidence are used to create a new conclusion
  51. The character created by the voice and narration of the speaker of a text
  52. The correspondence or resemblance between two things that are essentially different
  53. A commonly used figure of speech that compares one thing with another using the words "like" or "as"
  54. A work that expresses sorrow
  55. The interpretive level of a word based on associated images rather than the literal meaning
  56. To ridicule or mock ideas, persons, events, or doctrines
  57. A figure of speech in which an absent person or personified object is addressed by a speaker
  58. A word that has the same, or nearly the same, meaning as another word
  59. The central idea
  60. Attacks the opposing speaker or another person rather than addressing the issues at hand
  61. An effect created by words that have sounds that reinforce their meaning
  62. The particular perspective from which a story is told
  63. Refers to generally ethics, or values
  64. A seeming contradiction that in fact reveals some truth
  65. Uncertain or indefinite; subject to more than one interpretation
  66. The art and logic of a written or spoken argument to persuade, to analyze, or to expose