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20 Multiple choice questions

  1. language used to distort and manipulate rather than to communicate.
    EX: downsize, RIF (reduction in force): fire employees.
  2. The omission of a word or words necessary for complete construction but understood in the context.
    EX: "The eyes of others our prisons; their thoughts our cages."
  3. the use of language to convey sensory experience, most often through the creation of pictorial images through figurative language.
    EX: "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day."
  4. The use of words outside their literal or usual meanings, used to add freshness and suggest associations and comparisons that create effective images.
  5. exploiting an audience's feelings of pity or fear to make a case
  6. pertains to actual things, instances, or experiences: opposite of abstract.
  7. Figure of repetition that occurs when the last word or set of words in one sentence, clause, or phrase is repeated one or more times at the end of successive sentences, clauses, or phrases.
    EX: "...and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth." - Abraham Lincoln
  8. an elaborate and surprising figure of speech comparing two very dissimilar things.
    EX: In John Donne's "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning" (1633) separated lovers are likened to the legs of a compass, the leg drawing the circle eventually returning home to "the fixed foot."
  9. Words or phrases characteristic of or appropriate to ordinary or familiar conversation.
  10. the specific, exact meaning of a word, independent of its emotional coloration or associations
  11. the choice of words in a work of literature and an element of style important to the work's effectiveness.
  12. The belief in the inherent superiority of one's own group and culture.
  13. the emotional implications that words may carry
  14. A word or phrase that is made, invented or fabricated.
    EX: "google it," "blog," "soccer mom"
  15. methods of drawing attention and diverting attention.
  16. the substitution of an inoffensive, indirect, or agreeable expression for a word or phrase perceived as socially unacceptable or unnecessarily harsh.
    EX: "overweight" rather than "fat," "disadvantaged" rather than "poor"
  17. establishing one's credibility with the audience by appearing to be knowledgeable about one's subject and benevolent
  18. A figure of speech in which conscious exaggeration is used without the intent of literal persuasion.
    EX: "No; this my hand will rather/The multitudinous seas incarnadine/
    Making the green one red" (Macbeth)
  19. A method of argumentation in which the speaker or writer defends her own views (defensive) and/or attacks the views of others (offensive).
  20. The repetition of a constant sound within a series of words to produce a harmonious effect.
    EX: "And each slow dusk a drawing-down of blinds."