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  1. A figure of speech involving an implied comparison.
    EX: "She is a rose!"
  2. A mode of speech in which words express a meaning opposite to the intended meaning.
  3. the story of events and/or experiences that tells what happened.
  4. A sentence grammatically complete at some point (or points) before the end; opposite of a periodic sentence.
  5. the arrangement of parts of a sentence, sentences, paragraphs, and larger units of composition that one element of equal importance with another is similarly developed and phrased
  6. recurrent images, words, objects, phrases, or actions that tend to unify the work
  7. a form of paradox that combines a pair of opposite terms into a single unusual expression
    EX: "cold fire," "jumbo shrimp"
  8. A figure of speech characterized by the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself.
    EX: We commonly speak of the king as "the crown" (an object closely associated with kingship thus being made to stand for "king").
    "The suits on Wall Street walked off with most of our savings." (suits and Wall Street are both examples of metonymy)
  9. the use of words that by their sound suggest their meaning.
    EX: "hiss," "buzz," "whirr," "sizzle"
  10. subject comes before the predicate
  11. In arguing her point, a writer or speaker should always give the opponent some credit for his / her ideas.
  12. predicate comes before the subject.
  13. refers to a specialized language providing a shorthand method of quick communication between people in the same field.
    EX: The basis of assessment for Schedule D Case I and II, other than commencement and cessation, is what is termed a previous year basis. (legal jargon)
  14. Poetic and rhetorical device placing normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases next to one another.
    EX: Robert Frost's poem "Fire and Ice"
  15. the overall atmosphere of a work
  16. using facts, statistics, historical references, or other such proofs in order to convince the audience of one's position
  17. a phrase or statement that while seemingly contradictory or absurd may actually be well-founded or true
    EX: "I don't hustle with people who are dishonest." -- Woody Harrelson (from the movie White Men Can't Jump)
  18. a sentence not grammatically complete before its end
  19. methods of pseudo-reasoning that may occur accidentally or may be intentionally contrived to lend plausibility to an unsound argument. See Appendix A for specific fallacies and examples.
  20. understatement, for intensification, by denying the contrary of the thing being affirmed.
    EX: A few unannounced quizzes are not inconceivable.
  1. a Metonymy (me-TON-uh-me)
  2. b Paradox
  3. c Jargon
  4. d Onomatopoeia
  5. e Lending Credence
  6. f Narration
  7. g Metaphor
  8. h Natural Order Sentence
  9. i Loose Sentence
  10. j Periodic sentence
  11. k Juxtaposition
  12. l Parallelism
  13. m Inverted Order of a Sentence
  14. n Logical Appeal
  15. o Irony
  16. p Mood
  17. q Logical Fallacies
  18. r Oxymoron
  19. s Litotes (li-to'-tees )
  20. t Motif