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  1. Poetic and rhetorical device placing normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases next to one another.
    EX: Robert Frost's poem "Fire and Ice"
  2. a sentence not grammatically complete before its end
  3. refers to a specialized language providing a shorthand method of quick communication between people in the same field.
    EX: The basis of assessment for Schedule D Case I and II, other than commencement and cessation, is what is termed a previous year basis. (legal jargon)
  4. recurrent images, words, objects, phrases, or actions that tend to unify the work
  5. the story of events and/or experiences that tells what happened.
  6. a form of paradox that combines a pair of opposite terms into a single unusual expression
    EX: "cold fire," "jumbo shrimp"
  7. the overall atmosphere of a work
  8. understatement, for intensification, by denying the contrary of the thing being affirmed.
    EX: A few unannounced quizzes are not inconceivable.
  9. A sentence grammatically complete at some point (or points) before the end; opposite of a periodic sentence.
  10. the use of words that by their sound suggest their meaning.
    EX: "hiss," "buzz," "whirr," "sizzle"
  11. A mode of speech in which words express a meaning opposite to the intended meaning.
  12. using facts, statistics, historical references, or other such proofs in order to convince the audience of one's position
  13. A figure of speech characterized by the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself.
    EX: We commonly speak of the king as "the crown" (an object closely associated with kingship thus being made to stand for "king").
    "The suits on Wall Street walked off with most of our savings." (suits and Wall Street are both examples of metonymy)
  14. methods of pseudo-reasoning that may occur accidentally or may be intentionally contrived to lend plausibility to an unsound argument. See Appendix A for specific fallacies and examples.
  15. the arrangement of parts of a sentence, sentences, paragraphs, and larger units of composition that one element of equal importance with another is similarly developed and phrased
  16. In arguing her point, a writer or speaker should always give the opponent some credit for his / her ideas.
  17. a phrase or statement that while seemingly contradictory or absurd may actually be well-founded or true
    EX: "I don't hustle with people who are dishonest." -- Woody Harrelson (from the movie White Men Can't Jump)
  18. subject comes before the predicate
  19. predicate comes before the subject.
  20. A figure of speech involving an implied comparison.
    EX: "She is a rose!"