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20 True/False questions

  1. Logical Appealmethods of pseudo-reasoning that may occur accidentally or may be intentionally contrived to lend plausibility to an unsound argument. See Appendix A for specific fallacies and examples.

          

  2. Parallelisma phrase or statement that while seemingly contradictory or absurd may actually be well-founded or true
    EX: "I don't hustle with people who are dishonest." -- Woody Harrelson (from the movie White Men Can't Jump)

          

  3. MetaphorA figure of speech involving an implied comparison.
    EX: "She is a rose!"

          

  4. Paradoxa phrase or statement that while seemingly contradictory or absurd may actually be well-founded or true
    EX: "I don't hustle with people who are dishonest." -- Woody Harrelson (from the movie White Men Can't Jump)

          

  5. Litotes (li-to'-tees )understatement, for intensification, by denying the contrary of the thing being affirmed.
    EX: A few unannounced quizzes are not inconceivable.

          

  6. Jargonrefers to a specialized language providing a shorthand method of quick communication between people in the same field.
    EX: The basis of assessment for Schedule D Case I and II, other than commencement and cessation, is what is termed a previous year basis. (legal jargon)

          

  7. Narrationthe story of events and/or experiences that tells what happened.

          

  8. Moodthe overall atmosphere of a work

          

  9. Lending CredenceIn arguing her point, a writer or speaker should always give the opponent some credit for his / her ideas.

          

  10. Periodic sentenceA sentence grammatically complete at some point (or points) before the end; opposite of a periodic sentence.

          

  11. Onomatopoeiaa form of paradox that combines a pair of opposite terms into a single unusual expression
    EX: "cold fire," "jumbo shrimp"

          

  12. Oxymorona form of paradox that combines a pair of opposite terms into a single unusual expression
    EX: "cold fire," "jumbo shrimp"

          

  13. Loose Sentencea sentence not grammatically complete before its end

          

  14. Natural Order Sentencea sentence not grammatically complete before its end

          

  15. Inverted Order of a Sentencepredicate comes before the subject.

          

  16. Metonymy (me-TON-uh-me)A figure of speech characterized by the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself.
    EX: We commonly speak of the king as "the crown" (an object closely associated with kingship thus being made to stand for "king").
    "The suits on Wall Street walked off with most of our savings." (suits and Wall Street are both examples of metonymy)

          

  17. Ironythe overall atmosphere of a work

          

  18. JuxtapositionPoetic and rhetorical device placing normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases next to one another.
    EX: Robert Frost's poem "Fire and Ice"

          

  19. Motifrecurrent images, words, objects, phrases, or actions that tend to unify the work

          

  20. Logical Fallaciesusing facts, statistics, historical references, or other such proofs in order to convince the audience of one's position