Basics of Biblical Greek Vocabulary - Chapters 1-14 (1-173) flashcards |
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  • 1. ᾽Αβραάμ, ὁ

    Abraham

    #BBG4

    2. ἄγγελος -ου, ὁ

    angel, messenger
    - Angels not angels!

    #BBG4

    3. ἀμήν

    verily, truly, amen, so let it be

    #BBG4

    4. ἄνθρωπος -ου, ὁ

    man, mankind, person, people, humankind, human being
    - Andy throw the post! -

    #BBG4

    5. ἀπόστολος -ου, ὁ

    apostle, envoy, messenger
    - The apostles lost -

    #BBG4

    6. Γαλιλαία, -ας, ἡ

    Galilee

    #BBG4

    7. γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ

    writing, scripture
    - Write a huge graph -

    #BBG4

    8. Δαυίδ, ὁ

    David

    #BBG4

    9. δόξα, -ης, ἡ

    glory, majesty, fame
    - The dogs have glory and fame -

    #BBG4

    10. ἐγώ

    I
    - I have a big ego -

    #BBG4

    11. ἔσχατος -η, -ον

    last
    - Esschatology = last things -

    #BBG4

    12. ζωή, -ῆς, ἡ

    life
    - Zoe is full of life -

    #BBG4

    13. θεός -οῦ, ὁ

    God, god
    - God thaves us -

    #BBG4

    14. καί

    and, even, also, namely
    - It will be me and, even, also, namely Kai.

    #BBG4

    15. καρδία, -ας, ἡ

    heart, inner self
    - Cardiac Arrest -

    #BBG4

    16. κόσμος -ου, ὁ

    world, universe, humankind

    #BBG4

    17. λόγος -ου, ὁ

    word, Word, statement, message
    - Logos have Words -

    #BBG4

    18. Παῦλος -ου, ὁ

    Paul

    #BBG4

    19. Πέτρος -ου, ὁ

    Peter

    #BBG4

    20. Πιλᾶτος -ου, ὁ

    Pilate

    #BBG4

    21. πνεῦμα, -τος τό

    spirit, Spirit, wind, breath, inner life
    - The Spirit makes me a new man -

    #BBG4

    22. προφήτης -ου, ὁ

    prophet

    #BBG4

    23. σάββατον, -ου, τό

    Sabbath, week

    #BBG4

    24. Σίμων, -ωνος ὁ

    Simon

    #BBG4

    25. φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ

    sound, voice
    - A phone makes a loud sound -

    #BBG4

    26. Χριστός -οῦ, ὁ

    Christ, Messiah, Anointed One

    #BBG4

    27. ἀγάπη, -ης, ἡ

    love
    - I love you so much it leave a gaping hole in my chest when you leave.

    #BBG6

    28. ἄλλος -η, -ο

    other, another
    - A loss of another is a loss to yourself -

    #BBG6

    29. αὐτός, -ή, -ό

    (sing.) he, she, it; him/her/itself; same
    - My autos (car); she sure is a beauty -

    #BBG6

    30. βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ

    kingdom
    - Basilicas rep kingdoms-

    #BBG6

    31. δέ

    but, and
    - I'd like to go today, but and I can't.-

    #BBG6

    32. ἐν

    Dat: in, on, among

    #BBG6

    33. ἔργον, -ου, τό

    work, deed, action
    - I work at Ergon Mobil -

    #BBG6

    34. καιρός -οῦ, ὁ

    (appointed) time, season
    - What time is it in Cairo? -

    #BBG6

    35. νῦν

    (adv.) now, (noun) the present
    - When is Noon? Now! -

    #BBG6

    36. ὁ, ἡ, τό

    the
    - O', Eh to the Mighty King -

    #BBG6

    37. ὅτι

    that, since, because
    - That one is a hottie! -

    #BBG6

    38. οὐ, οὐκ, οὐχ

    not
    - Oh no! Ou, ouk, oux! -

    #BBG6

    39. ὥρα, -ας, ἡ

    hour, occasion, moment
    - Que ora es? (What hour is it?)

    #BBG6

    40. ἁμαρτία, -ας, ἡ

    sin
    - Harmful tea is a sin -

    #BBG7

    41. ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ

    beginning, ruler
    - Through the arch is the beginning of the rest of your life.

    #BBG7

    42. γάρ

    for, then
    - Gar God so loved the world -

    #BBG7

    43. εἶπεν

    he, she, it said
    - Eipen said we shouldn't go -

    #BBG7

    44. εἰς

    in, into, among
    - The Ace flew right into us -

    #BBG7

    45. ἐξουσία, -ας, ἡ

    authority, power
    - Those in authority are exlusivo -

    #BBG7

    46. εὐαγγέλιον, -ου, -ν

    good news, Gospel
    - You angle the newspaper so the good news is on top -

    #BBG7

    47. ᾽Ιησοῦς, -ου, -ὁ

    Jesus, Joshua

    #BBG7

    48. κύριος -ου, ὁ

    Lord, lord, master, sir
    - The Lord is curious -

    #BBG7

    49. μή

    not, lest
    - Maybe not -

    #BBG7

    50. οὐρανός -οῦ, ὁ

    heaven, sky
    - Uranus is in the heavens -

    #BBG7

    51. οὗτος

    (sing.) this (one), (pl.) these
    - Howto's for this is needed -

    #BBG7

    52. σύ

    you (sing.)
    - Sue is looking at you -

    #BBG7

    53. υἱός -οῦ, ὁ

    son, descendant
    - Hijos are sons in Spanish -

    #BBG7

    54. ὥστε

    therefore, so that
    - Hostey, therefore, Toasty -

    #BBG7

    55. ἀλλά (άλλ᾽)

    but, yet, except
    - A latte sounds good, but maybe later. -

    #BBG8

    56. ἀπό (ἀπ᾽, ἀφ᾽)

    (gen.) (away) from
    - Apostates move away from the faith -

    #BBG8

    57. διά (δι᾽) (Gen. + Acc.)

    *gen: through;
    acc: on account of*
    - D ran through the door on account of the scary monster.-

    #BBG8

    58. εἰμί

    I am, exist, live, am present
    - Who, me?! -

    #BBG8

    59. ἐκ, ἐξ

    gen: from, out of
    - Eek! Let's get out of here -

    #BBG

    60. ἡμέρα, -ας, ἡ

    day
    - The Chimera virus struck this day -

    #BBG8

    61. ἦν

    he, she, it was
    - The hen was doing fine -

    #BBG8

    62. θάλασσα, -ης, ἡ

    sea, lake (91; θαλασσα)
    - Throw a lasso to someone drowning in the sea -

    #BBG8

    63. θάνατος -ου, ὁ

    death (120; θανατο)
    - Dan is toast -

    #BBG8

    64. ἵνα

    in order that, that
    - Hint at what you want in order that you can receive that gift -

    #BBG8

    65. ᾽Ιωάννης -ου, ὁ

    John

    #BBG8

    66. λέγω

    I say, speak
    - The lego speaks -

    #BBG8

    67. μετά (μετ᾽, μεθ᾽) (gen + acc)

    *gen: with;
    acc: after*
    - I met up with a guy after the game -

    #BBG8

    68. οἰκία, -ας, ἡ

    house, home
    - I have a new oikia van at home -

    #BBG8

    69. οἶκος -ου, ὁ

    house, home
    - I have some oikos at home -

    #BBG8

    70. ὄχλος -ου, ὁ

    crowd, multitude
    - The ox got lost in the crowd -

    #BBG8

    71. παρά (παρ᾽) (gen, dat, acc)

    *gen: from;
    dat: beside, in the pretense of;
    acc: alongside of*
    - While parrying with a sword someone from beside you joins alongside of you in the fight -

    #BBG8

    72. παραβολή, -ῆς, ἡ

    parable (50; παραβολη)

    #BBG8

    73. πρός

    (acc.) to, towards, with
    - Are you for (προς) or against us? Are you with us? -

    #BBG8

    74. ὑπό (ὑπ᾽, ὑφ᾽) (gen + acc)

    *gen: by;
    acc: under, below*
    - By a hippo I was taken under water -

    #BBG8

    75. ἀγαθός -ή, -όν

    good, useful (ἀγαθο)
    - A guy throws a good pitch -

    #BBG9

    76. ἀγαπητός -ή, -όν

    beloved (61; ἀγαπητο)
    - A good pay toss from your beloved -

    #BBG9

    77. αἰώνιος -ον

    eternal (71; αιωνιο)
    - I owe Nios so much; an eternal amount! -

    #BBG9

    78. ἀλλήλων

    one another
    - The aloe gone. Can't put it on one another -

    #BBG9

    79. ἀπεκρίθη

    he, she, it answered
    - A pet Krion answered back -

    #BBG9

    80. δοῦλος, -ου, ὁ

    slave, servant (126; δουλο)

    #BBG9

    81. ἐάν

    if, when
    - If and when this eon of a line ever ends -

    #BBG9

    82. ἐμός ἐμή, ἐμόν

    my, mine
    - That is my emass of property -

    #BBG9

    83. ἐντολή, -ῆς, ἡ

    commandment
    - Wrap the commandment in a towel -

    #BBG9

    84. καθώς

    as, even as
    - Cat throws up even as it eats -

    #BBG9

    85. κακός -ή, -όν

    bad, evil
    - As evil as a carcass -

    #BBG9

    86. μου (ἐμοῦ)

    my
    - That is moun, not yours! -

    #BBG9

    87. νεκρός -ά, -όν

    (adj.) dead, (noun) dead body, corpse
    - Necromancer -

    #BBG9

    88. πιστός -ή, -όν

    faithful, believing (67; πιστο)
    - Faithful believers participate in the pie toss -

    #BBG9

    89. πονηρός -ά, -όν

    evil, bad
    - Pornography is evil and bad -

    #BBG9

    90. πρῶτος -η, -ον

    first, earlier
    - The prototype -

    #BBG9

    91. τρίτος -η, -ον

    third (56; τριτο)
    - The tri-toss is the third race -

    #BBG9

    92. ἅγιος, -ία, -ιον

    *adj: holy;
    pl. noun: saints*
    - A hog on ice is not holy -

    #BBG10

    93. εἰ

    if
    - If ei did that? -

    #BBG10

    94. εἰ μή

    except, if not

    #BBG10

    95. εἷς, μία, ἕν

    one
    - One man name Heismiaen robbed me -

    #BBG10

    96. ἤδη

    now, already
    - A new day has already arrived now -

    #BBG10

    97. ὄνομα, ὀνόματος, τό

    name, reputation
    - A name of my friend -

    #BBG10

    98. οὐδείς, οὐδεμία, οὐδέν

    no one, none, nothing
    - No dice. Nothing. -

    #BBG10

    99. πᾶς, πᾶσα, πᾶν (παντ)

    *Sing: each, every (1,244; παντ/πασα; 3-1-3);
    Plural: all*
    - Throw a pass to each and all of them -

    #BBG10

    100. περί (gen + acc)

    *gen: concerning, about;
    acc: around*
    - Peri spoke concerning the story about Pooh -

    #BBG10

    101. σάρξ, σαρκός, ἡ

    flesh, body
    - Sharks will eat your flesh -

    #BBG10

    102. σύν

    (dat.) with
    - The sun with the moon is an eclipse -

    #BBG10

    103. σῶμα, -ματος, τό

    body
    - Don't sew my body up -

    #BBG10

    104. τέκνον, -ου, τό

    child, descendent (99; τεκνο)
    - My child is a techno geek -

    #BBG10

    105. τίς, τί

    someone/thing, certain one/thing, anyone/thing
    - Someone made a noise and heard Tisk Tisk -

    #BBG10

    106. τις τι

    who?, what?, which?, why?
    - Who did tis? -

    #BBG10

    107. ἀδελφός -οῦ, ὁ

    brother (343; ἀδελφο)*
    - Philadelphia is the city of brotherly love -

    #BBG11

    108. ἄν

    (untranslatable, uninflected particle)
    - Ann picks up particles of dust -

    #BBG11

    109. ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ

    man, male, husband (216; ἀνδρ)*
    - A narry man, Andriod man -

    #BBG11

    110. ἐκκλησία, -ας, ἡ

    a church, (the) Church, assembly, congregation (114; ἐκκλησια)*
    - Ekklesia -

    #BBG11

    111. ἐλπίς -ίδος, ἡ

    hope, expectation (53; ἐλπιδ)*
    - Don't take el piss on your hopes and dreams -

    #BBG11

    112. ἔξω (adverb + preposition)

    adverb: without (63)
    preposition (gen): outside
    - Without your exoskeleton you'll be outside your bones -

    #BBG11

    113. ἐπί (ἐπʼ, ἐφʼ) (gen + dat + acc)

    gen: on, over, when (890)
    dat: on the basis of, at
    acc: on, to, against
    - A pea rolled on over and argued on the basis of it's being on and against the table. -

    #BBG11

    114. ἡμεῖς

    we (864)
    - We are such a mess -

    #BBG11

    115. θέλημα, θελήματος, τό

    will, desire (62; θεληματ)*
    - Your will is so lama -

    #BBG11

    116. ἴδε

    See! Behold! (29; interjection)
    - Behold, a day is coming -

    #BBG11

    117. ἰδού

    See! Behold! (200; interjection)
    - See, my new hair do -

    #BBG11

    118. καλός -ή, -όν

    beautiful, good (101; καλο)*
    - Calluses are not beautiful or good -

    #BBG11

    119. μήτηρ, μητρός, ἡ

    mother (83; μητρ)*
    - My muter loves me -

    #BBG11

    120. οὐδέ

    and not, not even, neither, nor (143)
    - Not today not even tomorrow -

    #BBG11

    121. πατήρ, πατρός, ὁ

    father (413; πατρ)*
    - Luke, I am your pater -

    #BBG11

    122. πίστις, πίστεως, ἡ

    faith, belief (243; πιστι)*
    - I have faith in the Pistons this year -

    #BBG11

    123. ὕδωρ, ὕδατος, τό

    water (76; ὑδατ)*
    - Why does that water have that odor? -

    #BBG11

    124. ὑμεῖς

    you (plural) (1,840)
    - Are you all going to UMASS? -

    #BBG11

    125. φῶς, φωτός, τό

    light (73; φωτ)*
    - Good light is key for photos -

    #BBG11

    126. χάρις, χάριτος, ἡ

    grace, favor, kindness (155; χαριτ)*
    - Charis is so graceful and kind -

    #BBG11

    127. ὥδε

    here (61)
    - Lets start a hoedown here -

    #BBG11

    128. αἰών, -ῶνος, ὁ

    age, eternity (122; αἰων)
    - An aeon is an eternity, an age -

    The idioms εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα and εἰς τοὺς αἰώνας τῶν αἰώνων both mean "forever."

    #BBG12

    129. διδάσκαλος, -ου, ὁ

    teacher (59; διδασκαλο)
    - Didactics are teachers -

    #BBG12

    130. εὐθύς

    immediately (58)
    - A youth is charging immediately at us -

    Note: This adverb is different from the adjective εὐθύς,-εῖα, -ύ, meaning "straight," which occurs only nine times in the New Testament.

    #BBG12

    131. ἕως

    conj: until (146)
    preposition (gen): as far as
    - He ate oats until he died. -

    #BBG12

    132. μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ

    disciple (261; μαθητη)
    - Mathew was a disciple -

    Note: μαθητης is declined just like προφήτης.

    #BBG12

    133. μέν

    on the one hand, indeed (179)
    - Men on the one hand and women on the other -

    Note: Postpositive. Sometimes this word is untranslatable. It can occur as a correlative conjunction with δέ. In this case you can translate μέν ... δέ as "on the one hand ... but on the other." Usually in English you do not translate μέν and translate δέ as "but."

    #BBG12

    134. μηδείς, μηδεμία, μηδέν

    no one/thing (90; μη(δε) + ἑν/μια)
    - No one touches my dice -

    Note: Declines just like οὐδείς.

    #BBG12

    135. μόνος, -η, -ον

    alone, only (114; μονο)
    - Monologue means "spoken alone" -

    Note: All adjectives can function adverbially. This word does so quite often, usually as an accusative neuter (μόνον).

    #BBG12

    136. ὅπως

    how, that, in order that (53)
    - How can we buy a post that we can have in order that we can build a goal? -

    #BBG12

    137. ὅσος -η, -ον

    as great as, as many as (110; ὁσο)
    - There are oh so many great people here -

    Note: The initial ὁσ retains the same form, but the second half of the word declines like the relative pronoun. For example, the nominative plural masculine is ὅσοι. This word is idiomatic; rely on context to help with a precise definition.

    #BBG12

    138. οὖν

    therefore, then, accordingly (499)
    - I swooned, therefore I then fell down accordingly. -

    Note: Postpositive.

    #BBG12

    139. ὀφθαλμός -οῦ, ὁ

    eye, sight (100; ὀφθαλμο)
    - Ophthalmology is the study of the eye. -

    #BBG12

    140. πάλιν

    again (141)
    - Bee's go back again and again for the pollen. -

    #BBG12

    141. πούς, ποδός, ὁ

    foot (93; ποδ)
    - A podiatrist is a doctor dealing with foot disorders. -

    Note: πούς is declined like ἐλπίς, ἐλπίδος, except that in the nominative singular the omicron of the root lengthens to ου (ποδ+ ς ▶ πος ▶ πούς). The dative plural is ποσί(ν).

    #BBG12

    142. ὑπέρ

    (gen.) in behalf of (150);
    (acc.) above
    - In behalf of my friend, who's pears are these above our head? -

    #BBG12

    143. γυνή, γυναικός, ἡ

    woman, wife (215; γυναικ)
    - Gynecology is the branch of medicine dealing with women's health and diseases. -

    #BBG13

    144. δικαιοσύνη, -ης, ἡ

    righteousness (92; δικαιοσυνη)
    - Dee guy sunny is righteous bro -

    #BBG13

    145. δώδεκα

    twelve (75). Indeclinable.
    - A dodecagon is a plane with twelve sides and twelve angles -

    #BBG13

    146. ἑαυτοῦ, -ῆς -οῦ

    singular: himself/herself/itself
    *plural: themselves
    (319; ἑαυτο)*
    - He yelled "heautou" as he hit himself -

    ἑαυτοῦ is the reflexive pronoun. Occurs predominantly in the third person. Can be used in the first and second person as well ("myself," "yourself").
    Can never occur in the nominative; the lexical form is the genitive singular. Follows the same inflectional pattern as αὐτός. ἑαυτοῦ in the plural can also be translated as first ("ourselves") or second ("yourselves") person, if the verb in the sentence calls for that.

    #BBG13

    147. ἐκεῖνος -η, -ο

    singular: that man/woman/thing
    plural: those men/women/things (265; 2-1-2; ἐκεινο)
    - Man and woman are icky nose faces -

    #BBG13

    148. ἤ

    or, than (343)
    - It could be A or B -

    Note: Do not confuse this with the article ἡ, which always has a rough breathing.

    #BBG13

    149. κἀγώ

    and I, but I (84).
    - Andy and I can carry your cargo -

    Note: Indeclinable. κἀγώ is a crasis of καί and ἐγώ. The frequency includes the forms κἀμέ and κἀμοί.

    #BBG13

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