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  • King Kamehameha I

    1791 - Unites Hawai'i Island
    1810 - Unites all Hawaiian Islands under one sovereign rule

    King Kamehameha II

    Alexander Liholiho
    - ascends to the throne in 1819 after his father's death
    - 1819 Abolishes the Kapu System
    - 1820 Missionaries arrive from Boston

    King Kamehameha III

    - ascends to the throne after the death of his brother, Kamehameha II, in 1824
    - 1820-1840 literacy explodes throughout Hawai'i
    - Schools multiply quickly (Hawaiian schools)

    June 7, 1839

    Kamehameha III proclaims Hawaiian Declaration of Rights

    October 8, 1840

    Kamehameha III proclaims Hawai'i's first constitution
    - executive branch
    - legislative branch (House of Nobles, House of Representatives)
    - Judicial Branch


    Hawaii becomes fifth nation in the world with compulsory education for all youth
    - Succeeds Prussia, Denmark, Greece, and Spain

    Family of Nations

    - Kauikeouli wants to become part of the family of nations
    - Swayed by the 1840s Treaty of Waitangi where the Maori Chiefs agreed to make Aotearoa a British Colony
    - And when in 1842 France makes Tahiti a protectorate


    - jurisdiction over territory and population
    States must have:
    - government
    - permanent population
    - get along with other states (Capacity of have relations with other nations)
    - defined territory
    Hawai'i met all the criteria

    April 8, 1842

    - King Kamehameha III in Privy Council commissions 3 envoys to secure international recognition
    1) Timiteo Ha'alilio
    2) William Richards
    3) Sir George Simpson

    December 19, 1842

    - US President John Tyler recognizes Hawaiian independence
    - King Leopold of Belgium recognizes Hawaiian independence and agrees to help gains support from Britain and France

    First colonization of Hawai'i

    - taken over by Great Britain
    - Lord Paulet wants to take over Hawai'i
    - King Kamehameha III gives up Hawaii's sovereignty under protest but they give Hawai'i back


    - GB recognize Hawaii as Independent under Queen Victoria
    - France recognizes Hawaii as independent under King Louis Phillipe

    November 28, 1843

    - Anglo-Franco population of Hawaiian Independence (Britain and France)

    November 28

    Hawaiian Independence Day

    Countries that had treaties with Hawaii

    Austria-Hungary; Belgium; Bremen; Denmark; France; Germany; Great Britain; Hamburg; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Portugal; Russia; Samoa; Spain; Switzerland; Sweden and Norway; US

    19th-Century Milestones in International Relations

    - Hawaiian Kingdom was the first "non-european" nation to enter the family of nations in 1843
    - Ottoman empire was the first "non-christian" nation

    January 1882

    Hawaiian Kingdom becomes part of the Universal Postal Union

    Diplomatic Representatives in the Hawaiian Kingdom in 1893

    US; Portugal; Great Britain; France; Japan; Italy; Chile; Germany; Sweden and Norway; Denmark; Peru; Belgium; Netherlands; Spain; Mexico; Russia

    Hawaiian Kingdom Diplomats Abroad

    Austria; Belgium; Central and South America; Denmark; France and Colonies; Germany; Great Britain and colonies; Italy; Japan; Mexico; US

    Hawaiian Kingdom

    1840-1893 Hawaiian Kingdom possessed

    Bayonet Constitution

    - King Kalakaua
    - Honolulu Rifles forced him to sign a new constitution forcing him to appoint a new council, stripping him of his power and not ratified by the legislative assembly
    - Honolulu Rifles turn into the Committee of Safety led by minister Stevens

    US Intervention

    - January 16, 1893 the US Illegally intervened int he affairs of the Hawaiian Kingdom in an attempt to annex the Hawaiian Islands

    Duty of non-intervention

    - The US had a duty to to not intervene in the internal affairs of another nation but it violated this duty

    January 17, 1893

    Minister Stevens recognizes the provisional government on behalf of the US

    February 14, 1893

    Provisional government signed treaty of annexation with the United States


    Queen Liliuokalani made an Agreement for the US President to administer Hawaiian Kingdom law

    President Cleveland's Investigation

    on March 11, 1893, US President initiated and investigation and concluded that the US is responsible for the overthrow of the Monarchy

    Mainland stereotypes

    Chink= Asians
    Y'all= you folks, you guys
    Wetbacks= Mexicans, brown skins
    Crackers= White people
    *********= jerk
    Tool= stupid
    Dip out= to leave, to exit
    THOT= that ho over there
    Kuso= shit
    Puto= bitch

    Hawaiian Pidgin Words

    Shoots= okay, roger that
    Pau= done, finished, complete
    Dakine= that aforementioned thing
    Broke da mouth= super tasty
    Scrap= to fight
    hapa= half or part
    Bus'= drunk
    Irraz= irritating
    Shishi= to urinate
    Kanak attack= food coma

    VSO The children ate at school

    Ate the children at school

    VSO My son is reading in his bedroom

    Is reading my son in his bedroom

    VSO Going to surf at Sandys

    Is going to surf at Sandys

    12 Hawaiian Islands


    Relationship between King Kamehameha I and King Kamehameha II

    Father son

    Relationship between King Kamehameha I and King Kamehameha III

    Father son

    Anglo-Franco Declaration of Hawaiian Independence

    Great Britain and France

    12 Countries that had treaties with Hawaii

    Great Britain

    5 Countries with Diplomats in the Hawaiian Kingdom

    Great Britain

    5 Countries with Hawaiian Diplomats

    France and Colonies
    Great Britain and Colonies

    What did the Honolulu Rifles for King Kalakaua to sign?

    A new constitution changing his cabinet council

    3 Hawaiian Organizations that petitioned against annexation

    Men's Hawaiian Patriotic League
    Women's Hawaiian Patriotic League
    Hawaiian Political Association
    Their support killed the 1897 treaty of annexation

    Spanish American War

    Breaks out in 1898
    American ships dock in Hawaii violating Law of Neutrality, violation of international law

    American Military Bases in Hawaii

    Pearl Harbor
    Fort Shafter
    Wheeler Air Base
    Hicks Air Base
    Kaneohe Marine Corps Base
    Schofield Barracks
    US Pacific Command

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