Icelandic Conjunctions and Prepositions Update 2 flashcards |
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  • aðeins

    only

    af hinu goða

    from the good

    af hinu illa

    from the bad

    af hverju

    why

    af því að

    because

    af því

    because

    af

    from, off, after, because of

    af og til

    once in a while

    afláts

    constatly (í sífellu)

    aftur

    again

    aftur á móti

    on the other hand (hins vegar)

    aldrei

    never

    alls ekki

    not at all

    alveg

    quite

    annaðhvort...eða

    either/or (heldur...en)

    annars vegar...hins vegar

    on the one hand/on the other hand

    auk

    in addition GEN

    á bak við

    behind

    á eftir

    behind, later, in a little while

    á meðal

    among

    á meðan

    while, as long as

    á milli

    between GEN

    á móti PREP

    DAT towards (gegn), facing, against

    á undan

    first, before, ahead of

    áðan

    before, a little while ago

    áður

    before, previously

    áfram

    forward, onward

    án

    without GEN

    án afláts

    unceasingly

    ásamt

    along with, together with DAT

    eftir

    after ACC; along, by (authorship) DAT

    einsamall

    alone, all by ones self, f: sömul

    en

    but, rather, than, until

    enda þótt

    even though

    enn

    still, again

    ennþá

    still, yet

    fram á við

    ahead

    fram hjá

    go past, go by

    fram með

    along

    framundan

    ahead of soth

    fram

    forwards, away from the coast

    framan í

    in the face ( - í hann)

    framan

    in front of

    frekar

    rather

    fyrir

    soth for soby

    fyrir

    of causation—couldn´t speak for the tears

    fyrir

    of time—ago

    fyrir

    of time—before

    fyrir

    ACC: of motion—around, over, before

    fyrir

    DAT: of place—in front of

    fyrr

    earlier, before

    fyrr en

    before

    fyrir ofan

    upstairs

    gegn

    against

    handa

    for (as in gjaf for so or soth)

    heldur ... en

    either/or (annaðhvort...eða)

    heldur

    rather

    héðan

    from here

    hinnmegan

    on the other side

    hjá

    with (beside)

    hvað margir, margar, mörg

    how many

    hvað

    what, which

    hvaða

    which, what kind

    hvaðan

    where from

    hvar

    where

    hve

    how

    hver

    who, what, which

    hver er hvað

    which is which

    hvergi

    láta undan: give up/láta - undan: not give up

    hvergi

    nowhere

    hvernig

    how

    hvers konar

    what type (gerð/tegund)

    hvers slags

    what type (derogatory)

    hvers vegna

    why

    hversu

    how

    hvert

    where to

    hvor/hvort

    which of two

    hvort sem er

    anyway...

    hvorgur

    neither of two

    í att á

    in the direction of

    í burtu

    away

    í fyrra

    last year

    í gegn

    through (í gegnum DAT)

    í grennd

    nearby (nálægt)

    í háttur

    to bed (incl. changing clothes)

    í sama mund

    at the same time (um leið)

    í kringum

    around

    lík

    alike ekki vitund lík: be nothing like

    loks

    finally

    með

    with (holding)

    með því að

    with doing so, by (til að)

    meðal

    among GEN

    meðal annars

    among other things GEN

    móti ADV

    upp í -: uphill, niður í -: downhill

    now (as interjection, uh, well)

    nú þegar

    already

    núna

    right now

    of

    too much

    og

    and, as

    rétt eins og

    just as...

    sami

    same sömu DECL

    samkvæmt

    according to DAT

    samstundis

    at once, immediately (um leið og)

    samt sem áður

    nevertheless

    sem fyrst

    as quick as possible

    sérhvert

    each one

    siðan

    since, then

    siðast

    last , - vetur: last winter

    siðastliðinn

    last, - vetur: last winter

    sífella

    constantly, í -u: constantly (afláts)

    slíkur

    such DECL

    svona um

    in this way

    til hvers

    for what purpose, to what end GEN

    til þess að

    in order to GEN

    um

    around ACC

    um leið

    while, at the same time (í sama mund)

    um leið og

    while, as soon as (samstundis)

    um sinn

    for a while

    undan

    under

    uns

    until

    upp frá

    up there

    úr

    out of, of, be from, out from DAT

    út af fyrir sig

    by itself, by onesself

    út frá

    from inside out

    út í

    from outside in

    við

    with (by)

    við hliðina á

    beside

    yfir í

    over to

    yfir

    over, across, above, on account of, about, of

    þar sem

    since, as

    þá

    then

    þegar

    when CONJ (as ADV: immediately)

    þess vegna

    therefore, for this reason, because of

    þó að

    even though (turns verb following to subjunctive)

    þótt

    even though

    þvert yfir

    right across

    þvert á móti

    on the contrary

    þvílíkur

    such (meaning out of the ordinary) DECL

    æ

    always

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