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  • say

    abair, rá, ráite

    catch/bear/bring

    beir, breith, beirthe

    hear

    clois, cloisteáil, cloiste

    do/make

    déan, déanamh, déanta

    get

    faigh, fáil, faighte

    see

    feic, feiceáil, feicthe

    eat

    ith, ithe, ite

    give

    tabhair, tabhairt, tugtha

    come

    tar, teacht, tagtha

    go

    téigh, dul, dulta

    be

    bí, bheith

    swell

    at, at, ataithe

    move/warm

    bog, bogadh, bogtha

    sell to

    díol le, díol, díolta

    sell for

    díol ar, díol, díolta

    pay for

    díol as, díol, díolta

    spill

    doirt, doirteadh, doirte

    climb

    dreap, dreapadh, dreaptha

    close

    dún, dúnadh, dúnta

    wet

    fliuch, fliuchadh, fliuchta

    promise

    geall, gealladh, geallta

    clean

    glan, glanadh, glanta

    dress

    gléas, gléasadh, gléasta

    light

    las, lasadh, lasta

    lay down

    leag, leagadh, leagtha

    follow

    lean, leanúint, leanta

    spread

    leath, leathadh, leata

    seek/ask

    lorg, lorg, lorgtha

    swing/sway

    luasc, luascadh, luasctha

    bend

    lúb, lúbadh, lúbtha

    live

    mair, maireachtaint, martha

    forgive

    maith, maitheamh, maite

    praise/recommend

    mol, moladh, molta

    save

    sábháil, sábháilt, sábháilte

    write

    scríobh, scríobh, scríofa

    walk

    siúl, siúl, siúlta

    take/build

    tóg, tógáil, tógtha

    take off

    bain de, baint, bainte

    break

    bris, briseadh, briste

    strike

    buail, bualadh, buailte

    lose

    caill, cailliúnt, caillte

    throw/spend/wear

    caith, caitheamh, caite

    put/send

    cuir, cur, curtha

    return

    fill, filleadh, fillte

    yield, submit

    géill, géilleadh, géillte

    protrude/stick out

    gob, gobadh, gobtha

    cry

    goil, gol, golta

    jump

    léim, léim, léimte

    read

    léigh, léamh, léite

    let/permit

    lig, ligint, ligthe

    fill

    líon, líonadh, líonta

    destroy/ruin

    mill, milleadh, millte

    run

    rith, rith, rite

    divide/share

    roinn, roinnt, roinnte

    loose[n]/shoot

    scaoil, scaoileadh, scaoilte

    stretch

    sín, síneadh, sínte

    show

    taispeáin, taispeáint, taispeánta

    fall

    tit, titim, tite

    try/test

    triail, triail, trialta

    understand

    tuig, tuiscint, tuigthe

    listen to

    éist le, éisteacht, éiste

    return/wrap

    fill, filleadh, fillte

    ask of

    iarr ar, iarraidh, iarrtha

    fit

    oir do, oiriúint

    drink

    ól, ól, ólta

    leave

    fág, fágáil, fágtha

    stay

    fan, fanacht, fanta

    grow

    fás, fás, fásta

    look at

    féach ar, féachaint, féachtha

    press/crush

    brúigh, brú, brúite

    annoy

    cráigh, crá, cráite

    wither

    feoigh, feo, feoite

    call

    glaoigh, glaoch, glaoite

    lie down

    luigh, luí, luite

    wash

    nigh, ní, nite

    sit down

    suigh, suí, suite

    agree

    aontaigh, aontú, aontaithe

    change

    athraigh, athrú, athraithe

    buy

    ceannaigh, ceannach, ceannaithe

    organize

    eagraigh, eagrú, eagraithe

    escape

    éalaigh, éalú, éalaithe

    ask for info

    fiafraigh de, fiafraí, fiafraithe

    hurt

    gortaigh, gortú, gortaithe

    turn

    iompaigh, iompú, iompaithe

    carry

    iompair, iompar, iompartha

    attack

    ionsaigh, ionsaí, ionsaithe

    think/consider

    machnaigh, machnamh, machnaithe

    kill

    maraigh, marú, maraithe

    increase/multiply

    méadaigh, méadú, méadaithe

    decorate/adorn

    maisigh, maisiú, maisithe

    strengthen

    neartaigh, neartú, neartaithe

    order

    ordaigh, ordú, ordaithe

    satisfy

    sásaigh, sásamh, sásta

    frighten/scare

    scanraigh, scanrú, scanraithe

    avoid

    seachain, seachaint, seachanta

    arrange/settle

    socraigh, socrú, socraithe

    need

    teastaigh ó, teastáil, teastáilte

    begin

    tosnaigh ar, tosnú, tosnaithe

    count/reckon/figure

    áirigh, áireamh, áirithe

    move, transfer, translate

    aistrigh, aistriú, aistrithe

    collect

    bailigh, bailiú, bailithe

    assess/adjudicate

    breithnigh, breithniú, breithnithe

    keep

    coinnigh, coinneáilt, coinneáilte

    remember

    cuimhnigh ar, cuimhneamh, cuimhnithe

    straighten

    dírigh, díriú, dírithe

    wake up

    dúisigh, dúiseacht, dúisithe

    demand

    éiligh, éileamh, éilithe

    get up

    éirigh, éirí, éirithe

    reveal, publish

    foilsigh, foilsiú, foilsithe

    go

    imigh, imeacht, imithe

    explain

    mínigh, míniú, mínithe

    agree

    toiligh, toiliú, toilte

    pull/draw

    tarraing, tarraingt, tarraingthe

    tie to

    ceangail de, ceangailt, ceangailte

    sleep

    codail, codladh/codailt, codalta

    keep/hold

    coimeád, coimeád, coimeádta

    learn

    foghlaim, foghlaim, foghlamtha

    answer

    freagair, freagairt, freagartha

    attend, serve

    freastail, freastal, freastailte

    speak to

    labhair le, labhairt, labhartha

    open

    oscail, oscailt, oscailte

    play

    imir, imirt, imeartha

    tell to

    inis do, insint, inste

    He has said that before; I heard him

    Tá sé sin ráite aige cheana; chuala mé é

    We have heard that before

    Tá sé sin cloiste againn cheana

    They had made breakfast, but they hadn't made coffee

    Bhí bricfeasta déanta acu, ach ní raibh caifé déanta acu

    Has she gotten money from her father before?

    An bhfuil airgead faigthe óna hathair aici cheana

    I have seen the movie, but ye haven't seen it yet

    Tá an scannán feicthe agam, ach níl sé feicthe agaibh fós

    They had eaten dinner when we got there, but they hadn't eaten dessert

    Bhí dinnéar ite acu nuair a tháinig muid ann, ach ní raibh milseog ite acu

    Have they given you any money to buy food?

    An bhfuil aon airgead tugtha acu duit chun bia a cheannach?

    He had come home and gone out again while I was at work

    Bhí sé tagtha abhaile agus imithe amach arís fad a bhí mé ag obair

    My parents have sold their house to Sean, but he hasn't paid for it yet

    Tá a dtigh díolta ag mo thuismitheoirí le Seán, ach ní díolta aige as go fóill

    Have they closed the store already?

    An bhfuil an siopa dúnta acu cheana

    I will have the house cleaned and the letter written by tomorrow

    Beidh an tigh glanta agus an litir scríofa agam fé amárach

    He knows what you're talking about; he has walked that walk many times before

    Tá a fhios aige cad air a bhfuil tú ag caint; tá an siúl sin siúlta aige go minic cheana

    You had taken off you clothes and gone to sleep when I got home last night

    Bhí do chuid éadaigh bainte díot agat agus tú dulta a chodladh nuair a tháinig mé abhaile aréir

    He has hit my car for the second time today and broken the light

    Tá mo charr buailte aige don dara huair inniu agus tá an solas briste aige

    They had sent the money, like they said, but we hadn't yet received it by Friday

    Bhí an t-airgead curtha acu, mar a dúirt siad, ach ní raibh sé faighte againn fós faoin Aoine

    We have run that race many times before

    Tá an rás sin rite againn go minic cheana

    She has listened to him talking about that before, but she's too lazy to do anything

    Tá éiste aici leis ag caint mar gheall air sin cheana, ach tá sí róleisciúil chun rud a dhéanamh mar gheall air

    You have drank beer before; you're not afraid of it!

    Tá beoir ólta agat cheana; níl eagla ort roimhe

    He had collected all the money from them by Tuesday

    Bhí an t-airgead go léir bailithe aige uatha faoin Máirt

    We have bought the big green house from her father

    Tá an tigh mór glas ceannaithe againn óna hathair

    I had washed my hands and sat down when he came in

    Bhí mo lámha nite agam agus mé suite síos nuair a tháinig sé isteach

    He had woken up the house, but he has paid for it

    Bhí an tigh dúisithe aige, ach tá díolta aige as

    We have learned Spanish, but we haven't learned any Irish at UM

    Tá an Spáinnis foghlamtha again, ach níl aon Ghaeilge foghlamtha againn i UM

    They had tied the bike to that rail, but it was gone when they came back

    Bhí an rothar ceangailte den ráille acu, ach bhí sí imithe nuair a tháinig siad ar ais

    Has she answered any question today?

    An bhfuil aon cheist freagartha aici inniu?

    I had opened the store early for him, but he hadn't yet arrived by noon

    Bhí an siopa oscailte go luath agam dó, ach ní raibh sé tagtha faoi nóin

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