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pair of drums in northern india; looks like bongos; played with their hands and part of the rhythm; can also bend the pitch on them.
drone in indian music; long necked, pear shaped string instrument; set up so the bridge buzzes with the strings.
associated with festivals, processions and other noisy outdoor events; ensembles are strictly instrumental
1889- exibition universelle
1900- exposition universelle
"Pagodes" from Estampes; strong beat not always on 1, A/B/A form; wester classical. Possible gamelan ideas; punctuation, esp largest gong, ornamenting layer, Irama level, dissonances, maybe pentatonix scale.
monophonic- one musical line, like a chant
heterophonic- several different versions of melody played at the same time plus the drone
polyphonic- multiple voiced (counterpoint)
-where Javanese liken the gongan to a sentence and conceive of the subdividing parts
-stronger beats on 2 (med.) and 4 (str)
-strongest beat is the 16th beat (the only beat where two punctuating gong instruments concide)
-instruments sounding at important structural points
-the rhythmic density of the music that keeps it going, in between the melody
-dramatization of ramayana
-revived by Walter Spies (german visual artist) as a tourist attraction
Book: A House on Bali
-transcribed traditional balinese music into western notation (for piano, band
-publicized bamboo gamelan (only using bamboo instruments)
-revived angklung (tourist music on Bali)
four xylophones with resonators are the main instruments
2 pairs; ornamenting later pause with resonating tones- stands in for punctuation of large gong (slendro tuning system)
Historical events leading up to Indian Music
-became a british colony;invaded by the dutch
-won independence in 1947
-divided into india and pakistan
Music to accompany Javanese Wayang Kulit
-begins with an overture plated on the gamelan
-musicians do not play constantly throughout evening
-during the puppet performance, the gamelan plays music drawn from a large repertory of pieces.
Social History of Java and Bali affecting music
java- 1602 courts helped the dutch and became wealthy; enhanced court ceremonial and musical culture.
bali-dutch occupy in 1908. courts dissolved, court musical and stage culture comes to an end.
4 Layers of Gamelan Music
Punctuating: instrument sound is important at structural points
Main Melody (balungan): played by the xylophone instrument or male chorus
Ornamenting: tiny gongs, rebab, xylophones with resonators, flutes