40 Multiple choice questions
- indian stringed instrument; usually used for the melody
- modal system (melodies or motives in Indian Music), associated with mood or the time of day
- war story between 2 brothers
- 2 stringed fiddle
- drone in indian music; long necked, pear shaped string instrument; set up so the bridge buzzes with the strings.
- -became a british colony;invaded by the dutch
-won independence in 1947
-divided into india and pakistan
- pentatonic 5 pitch tuning system
- -dutch colonization
java- 1602 courts helped the dutch and became wealthy; enhanced court ceremonial and musical culture.
bali-dutch occupy in 1908. courts dissolved, court musical and stage culture comes to an end.
- basic melody in the layers of the indonesian gamelan
- Dangdut singer star
- traditional court music
loud playing style
tuning system: pelog
- xylophones, cymbals, different sized gongs, rebab, gong ageng, bamboo flutes,drums
- famous kebyar dancer; the person that looks like a woman and kind of dressed like one
- -begins with an overture plated on the gamelan
-musicians do not play constantly throughout evening
-during the puppet performance, the gamelan plays music drawn from a large repertory of pieces.
- just theater
- -skill that is required to play and is admirable
-for the sake of music
- -gamelan music
-the rhythmic density of the music that keeps it going, in between the melody
- mood of the piece determined by the time of day
Book: A House on Bali
-transcribed traditional balinese music into western notation (for piano, band
-publicized bamboo gamelan (only using bamboo instruments)
-revived angklung (tourist music on Bali)
- -dramatization of ramayana
-revived by Walter Spies (german visual artist) as a tourist attraction
- monophonic- one musical line, like a chant
heterophonic- several different versions of melody played at the same time plus the drone
polyphonic- multiple voiced (counterpoint)
of drums in northern india; looks like bongos; played with their hands
and part of the rhythm; can also bend the pitch on them.
- -there to create a musical sound thats going on outside
-written to express something
- Most popular Tala
- fusion of arabic pop, sumatran drumming, indian film music and western rock.
- long, complex rhythmic cycles
- associated with festivals, processions and other noisy outdoor events; ensembles are strictly instrumental
- -where Javanese liken the gongan to a sentence and conceive of the subdividing parts
-stronger beats on 2 (med.) and 4 (str)
-strongest beat is the 16th beat (the only beat where two punctuating gong instruments concide)
-instruments sounding at important structural points
- many different moods and characters expressed
- 1889- exibition universelle
1900- exposition universelle
"Pagodes" from Estampes; strong beat not always on 1, A/B/A form; wester classical. Possible gamelan ideas; punctuation, esp largest gong, ornamenting layer, Irama level, dissonances, maybe pentatonix scale.
- intended for intimate gatherings and often indoor and involves singing.
- 7 pitch tuning system
- four xylophones with resonators are the main instruments
2 pairs; ornamenting later pause with resonating tones- stands in for punctuation of large gong (slendro tuning system)
- music of the north
primarily vocal based
classical indian music
- Punctuating: instrument sound is important at structural points
Main Melody (balungan): played by the xylophone instrument or male chorus
Ornamenting: tiny gongs, rebab, xylophones with resonators, flutes
- started in indonesia; part of hunduism, buddhism, islam and animism
- Colin McPhee's friend, was involved in the development of the kecak
- music of the south
- cross-dress dancing; music is virtuosic, unpredictable and flashy.
- shadow puppet theater; all night performance
forms- human actors, wayang kulit, dance