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40 Multiple choice questions

  1. indian stringed instrument; usually used for the melody
  2. modal system (melodies or motives in Indian Music), associated with mood or the time of day
  3. war story between 2 brothers
  4. 2 stringed fiddle
  5. drone in indian music; long necked, pear shaped string instrument; set up so the bridge buzzes with the strings.
  6. -became a british colony;invaded by the dutch
    -won independence in 1947
    -divided into india and pakistan
    -democratic
  7. pentatonic 5 pitch tuning system
  8. -dutch colonization
    java- 1602 courts helped the dutch and became wealthy; enhanced court ceremonial and musical culture.
    bali-dutch occupy in 1908. courts dissolved, court musical and stage culture comes to an end.
  9. basic melody in the layers of the indonesian gamelan
  10. Dangdut singer star
  11. traditional court music
    loud playing style
    tuning system: pelog
  12. xylophones, cymbals, different sized gongs, rebab, gong ageng, bamboo flutes,drums
  13. famous kebyar dancer; the person that looks like a woman and kind of dressed like one
  14. -begins with an overture plated on the gamelan
    -musicians do not play constantly throughout evening
    -during the puppet performance, the gamelan plays music drawn from a large repertory of pieces.
  15. just theater
  16. -skill that is required to play and is admirable
    -for the sake of music
  17. -gamelan music
    -the rhythmic density of the music that keeps it going, in between the melody
  18. mood of the piece determined by the time of day
  19. composer
    Book: A House on Bali
    Music: Tabuh-Tabuhaha
    -transcribed traditional balinese music into western notation (for piano, band
    -publicized bamboo gamelan (only using bamboo instruments)
    -revived angklung (tourist music on Bali)
  20. -dramatization of ramayana
    -revived by Walter Spies (german visual artist) as a tourist attraction
  21. monophonic- one musical line, like a chant
    heterophonic- several different versions of melody played at the same time plus the drone
    polyphonic- multiple voiced (counterpoint)
  22. pair of drums in northern india; looks like bongos; played with their hands and part of the rhythm; can also bend the pitch on them.
  23. -there to create a musical sound thats going on outside
    -written to express something
  24. Most popular Tala
  25. fusion of arabic pop, sumatran drumming, indian film music and western rock.
  26. long, complex rhythmic cycles
  27. associated with festivals, processions and other noisy outdoor events; ensembles are strictly instrumental
  28. -where Javanese liken the gongan to a sentence and conceive of the subdividing parts
    -stronger beats on 2 (med.) and 4 (str)
    -strongest beat is the 16th beat (the only beat where two punctuating gong instruments concide)
    -instruments sounding at important structural points
  29. many different moods and characters expressed
  30. 1889- exibition universelle
    1900- exposition universelle
    "Pagodes" from Estampes; strong beat not always on 1, A/B/A form; wester classical. Possible gamelan ideas; punctuation, esp largest gong, ornamenting layer, Irama level, dissonances, maybe pentatonix scale.
  31. intended for intimate gatherings and often indoor and involves singing.
  32. 7 pitch tuning system
  33. four xylophones with resonators are the main instruments
    2 pairs; ornamenting later pause with resonating tones- stands in for punctuation of large gong (slendro tuning system)
  34. music of the north
    primarily vocal based
    classical indian music
  35. Punctuating: instrument sound is important at structural points
    Main Melody (balungan): played by the xylophone instrument or male chorus
    Ornamenting: tiny gongs, rebab, xylophones with resonators, flutes
    Drums
  36. started in indonesia; part of hunduism, buddhism, islam and animism
  37. Colin McPhee's friend, was involved in the development of the kecak
  38. music of the south
    southern classical
    instrument based
  39. cross-dress dancing; music is virtuosic, unpredictable and flashy.
  40. shadow puppet theater; all night performance
    forms- human actors, wayang kulit, dance