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  • See 'info' for my comment on this set :)

    See 'info' for my comment on this set :)

    What is the structure of a Klingon verb?

    Prefix-Verb-1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9

    to sleep

    Qong

    I sleep

    jIQong

    you sleep

    bIQong

    he/she/it/they sleep

    Qong

    we sleep

    maQong

    you (plural) sleep

    SuQong

    to see

    legh

    I see you

    qalegh

    I see him/her/it

    vIlegh

    you see me

    cholegh

    he/she/it sees me, they see me

    mulegh

    Type 1 verb suffix

    Oneself/one another verb suffixes

    verb suffix to indicate oneself as the subject

    -'egh (1) {typo on page 35}

    to hit

    qIp

    I hit myself

    jIqIp'egh

    you hit yourself

    bIqIp'egh

    tell yourself! (yI- imperative. see pg. 34)

    yIja''egh

    verb suffix to indicate one another or each other as the subject

    -chuq (1)

    we hit each other

    maqIpchuq

    you (plural) hit each other

    SuqIpchuqyou (pl)

    Type 2 verb suffixes

    volition/predisposition verb suffixes

    verb suffix for "need"

    -nIS (2)

    I need to see him/her

    vIleghnIS

    to eat

    Sop

    you need to eat

    bISopnIS

    verb suffix for "willing"

    -qang (2)

    to die

    Hegh

    he/she is willing to die

    Heghqang

    verb suffix for "ready, prepared" (referring to beings)

    -rup (2)

    he/she is ready to die

    Heghrup

    verb suffix for "ready, prepared" (referring to devices)

    -beH (2)

    to analyze

    poj

    ready to analyze

    pojbeH

    to be prepared, or to launch or project (something)

    ghuS

    Be prepared to launch torpedoes! (or) Stand by on torpedoes!

    cha yIghuS {cha - torpedoes}

    verb suffix for "afraid"

    -vIp (2)

    [this suffix is rarely used, and somewhat culturally taboo. Use it if you want to start a rumble.]

    to kill

    HoH

    you are afraid to kill me

    nuHoHvip

    Type 3 verb suffix

    verb suffixes referring to a "change"

    A verb suffix for change in state, change in direction

    -choH (3)

    to be lucky (v)

    Do'

    we are becoming lucky, we are undergoing a turn of luck

    maDo'choH

    to go

    ghoS

    A verb suffix meaning "resume"

    -qa' (3)

    to search

    nej

    Type 4 Verb Suffixes

    Verb suffix type for "cause"

    A verb suffix meaning "cause"

    -moH (3)

    {the exact meaning of -moH can be complex, I recommend reading pg. 38-9 and practicing it.}

    Type 5 Verb Suffix

    Verb suffix type meaning "Indefinite subject/ability"

    A verb suffix meaning "indefinite subject"

    -lu' (5) {see page 39}

    Someone/something remembers you

    Daqawlu' {qaw - remember}

    someone/something sees us

    wIleghlu'

    someone/something eats it

    Soplu'

    The Klingon phrase "naDev puppu' tu'lu'," meaning "there are children around" is literally translated as

    "someone/something finds children here"

    verb suffix meaning "can/able"

    -laH (5)

    I can sleep

    jIQonglaH

    you can see me

    choleghlaH

    he/she can destroy us

    nuQaw'laH

    Type 6 Verb Suffixes

    Verb Suffixes for "qualification"

    verb suffix meaning "clearly, perfectly"

    -chu' (6)

    I understand clearly

    jIyajchu'

    he/she fired (the torpedo) perfectly

    baHchu'

    verb suffix meaning "certainly, undoubtedly"

    -bej (6)

    to be empty

    chIm

    it is undoubtedly empty

    chImbej

    to control

    SeH

    he is certainly controlling us

    nuSeHbej

    verb suffix meaning "seemingly, apparently"

    -law' (6)

    it appears to be empty

    chImlaw'

    he/she seems to be controlling us

    SeHlaw'

    Type 7 Verb Suffixes

    Verb suffixes for "Aspect"

    Does Klingon have a past, present, and future tense for verbs?

    No. The past, present, and future tense come from context in the sentence (e.g. wa'leS means "tomorrow"). Klingon does have "aspect," whether or not an action is completed, or is currently occurring. English sort of does this in sentences like, "we fly tomorrow at dawn."

    Verb suffix for "perfective," describing an action that 'has been' completed.

    -pu' (7)

    you have seen it

    Daleghpu'

    I wanted them (but don't anymore)

    vIneHpu'

    I told you

    qaja'pu'

    Verb suffix for "accomplished, done"

    -ta' (7)

    What is the difference between pu' and ta'?

    They are very similar, ta' is used when an action was deliberately attempted and successfully accomplished , pu' is used when the action happened by happenstance or was just a response to another action. Unfortunately English translations do not really show this distinction. {see pg. 41}

    I have acquired it

    vISuqta'

    they have killed him/her (someone deliberately tried to kill a specific person)

    luHoHta'

    they have killed him/her (he/she happened to be the person the killer killed)

    luHoHpu'

    they have killed him/her

    luHoH rIntaH {you may want to read about sentence order in sec. 6, or you may ignore this until then}

    to purchase

    je'

    I have purchased it

    vIje' rIntaH

    verb for suffix to indicate an action is currently happening

    -taH (7)

    to approach

    ghoS

    it is approaching us

    nughoStaH

    steady on coarse! maintain this coarse!

    yIghoStaH

    verb suffix that means "in progress"

    -lI' (7)

    {this is to -ta' as -tah is to pu'. see pg. 42}

    to get close, come near

    chol

    it it getting closer

    chollI'

    to transmit data to a place

    lI' {yup, same as the previous suffix}

    I am transmitting the data

    vIlI'lI'

    Type 8 Verb Suffixes

    Verb suffixes for "honorific" statements

    verb suffix which means "honorific"

    -neS (8)

    I am honored to see you

    qaleghneS

    to tell

    ja'

    do me the honor of telling me

    HIja'neS

    Type 9 verb suffixes

    Verb suffixes for syntactic markers

    verb suffix for "as soon as, when"

    -DI' (9)

    as soon as you control it

    DaSeHDI'

    verb suffix for "if"

    -chugh (9)

    if you want them

    DaneHchugh

    verb suffix for "before"

    -pa' (9)

    before you tell me

    choja'pa'

    verb suffix for "while"

    -vIS (9)

    {always used with the suffix -taH}

    to negotiate

    Sutlh

    while they are negotiating

    SutlhtaHvIS

    verb suffix for "for"

    redundant?

    -meH (9) {see sec. 6.2.4 for more info}

    verb suffix for "interrogative," indicating a yes or no question

    -'a'

    to understand

    yaj

    do you see me?

    cholegh'a'

    does he/she understand?

    yaj'a'

    verb suffix for one who does or thing which does

    -wI' (9)

    There are another case of Klingon verb suffixes called "Rovers." After what suffix type does a rover suffix go?

    Anywhere you want it to, except after type 9 suffixes

    verb suffix for "not"

    -be' (r)

    {n.b. -be' is not used when giving an imperative or command}

    to use

    lo'

    What are all the possible ways to say "I cannot use them."?

    vIlo'laHbe' or vIlo'be'laH

    verb suffix for "don't! won't!"

    -Qo' (r)

    don't tell him/her!

    yIja'Qo'

    verb suffix for "undo"

    -Ha' (r)

    verb suffix for "emphatic"

    -qu' (r)

    Are there adjectives in Klingon?

    Sort of, but they are treated as verbs, and will use the verb suffixes. See pg. 49

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