Korean Level 1 Romanized flashcards |
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  • Hello

    an-nyeong-ha-se-yo

    Thank you

    com-sa-ham-ni-da

    Yes

    Ne

    No

    Aniyo

    You're leaving and one or more person is staying

    an-nyeong-hi cay-se-yo

    You're staying and one or more person is leaving

    an-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo

    I'm sorry, I apologize

    jes-hung-ham-ni-da

    to get someone's attention

    cho-gi-yo

    Passing through people

    cham-si-MAN-yo, jam-KKAN-man-yo, Joe-song-ham-ni-da

    water

    mul

    It's water

    Mul+i-e-yo

    It's a bag

    ca-bang+i-e-yo

    It's me

    jeo+ye-yo

    It's a school

    hak-gyo+ye-yo

    It's an office

    sa-mu-sil + i-e-yo

    what

    mwo

    What is it/ what's that?

    mwo-ye-yo?

    this, this one

    i-geo, i-geot

    book

    chaek

    camera

    ka-me-ra

    What's this?

    i-geo mwo-ye-yo

    This, (near you) (as a modifier)

    i

    the / that (near the other person, the person you're talking to you) (something you can't see)

    geu

    that (over there) (something that's far away from both people)

    jeo

    this camera

    i ka-me-ra

    that camera

    cho ka-me-ra

    this item, this thing, this one

    i-geot, i-geo

    the thing, the item, that one, it

    geu-geot, geu-geo

    that thing over there

    jeo-geot, jeo-go

    person

    sa-ram

    this person, this man here, this lady here, he, she

    i sa-ram

    the person, that person, he, she

    geu sa-ram

    that person over there, he, she

    jeo sa-ram

    to be not, it is not, you are not

    a-ni-e-yo

    it's not me

    jeo a-ni-e-yo

    It's not milk

    u-yu a-ni-ey-yo

    This is not milk

    i-geo u-yu a-ni-e-yo

    student

    hak-saeng

    I am not a student

    jeo hak-saeng a-ni-e-yo

    sul

    liquor

    cat

    go-yang-i

    it is not a cat

    geu-geo go-yang-i a-ni-e-yo

    that is not liquor

    jeo-geo sul a-ni-e-yo

    topic marking particles

    eun, neun

    subject marking particles

    i, ga

    The other things are not apples, but THIS is an apple

    i-geo-NEUN sa-gwa-ye-yo

    Today, not necessarily everything else too, but at least the weather is good

    o-neul nar-ssi-neun chun-ne-yo

    This book is good

    i chaek jo-a-yo

    At least this book is good, the other books are not so good.

    i chaek-eun jo-a-yo

    THIS book is good (esp. after being asked "which book is good?"), this book is good compared to other books

    i chaek-i jo-a-yo

    There is

    I-sseo-yo

    there isn't

    eop-seo-yo

    There is water. / Water exists. / I have water. / They have water.

    mul i-sseo-yo

    I have friends. / I have a friend. / There are friends.

    chin-gu i-sseo-yo

    There is time

    si-gan i-sseo-yo

    time

    si-gan

    There is no time. / I don't have time. / We don't have time.

    si-gan eop-seo-yo

    apple

    sa-gwa

    o-ren-ji

    orange

    I have an orange. There is an orange

    o-ren-ji i-sseo-yo

    I don't have an orange. There is no orange.

    o-ren-ji eop-seo-yo

    please give me

    ju-se-yo

    Please give me some ice cream

    a-i-seu-keu-rim ju-se-yo

    ice cream

    a-i-seu-keu-rim

    Please give me a hamburger

    haem-beo-geo ju-se-yo

    taste

    mat

    It's delicious/tasty

    ma-si-sseo-yo

    It's not tasty/it tastes awful

    mad-eop-seo-yo

    Thank you for the food. I will enjoy it

    jal meok-ge-sseum-ni-da

    I ate/ I have eaten

    jal meo-geo-sseum-ni-da

    I want to

    -go si-peo-yo

    to go

    ga-da

    I want to go somewhere

    ga-go si-peo-yo

    to see

    bo-da

    to eat

    meok-da

    I want to eat

    meok-go si-peo-yo

    deo

    more

    I want to eat more

    deo meok-go si-peo-yo

    to buy

    sa-da

    to drink

    ma-shi-da

    What do you want to do?

    mwo ha-go si-peo-yo?

    to read

    il-da

    I want to read

    il-ggo si-peo-yo

    to sleep

    ja-da

    I want to sleep

    ja-go si-peo-yo

    to hang out/play

    nol-da

    I want to play

    nol-go si-peo-yo

    to rest

    shi-da

    I want to rest

    swi-go si-peo-yo

    to work

    ir-ha-da

    I want to work

    il-ha-go si-peo-yo]

    1 SK

    il

    2 SK

    i

    3 SK

    sam

    4 SK

    sa

    5 SK

    o

    6 SK

    yuk (ryuk)

    7 SK

    chil

    8 SK

    pal

    9 SK

    geu

    10 SK

    sip

    100 SK

    baek

    1,000 SK

    cheon

    to laugh

    ut-da

    Ending if a verb stem's last vowel is 'ah' or 'oh'

    a-yo

    Ending if a verb stem's last vowel is not 'a' or o'

    eo-yo

    Ending for the verb stem 'ha'

    yeo-yo

    The three past tense endings

    a-sseo-yo, eo-sseo-yo, yeo-sseo-yo

    to write down

    jeok-da

    where, which place

    eo-di

    where do you want to go?

    eo-di ga-go si-peo-yo

    at, in, from

    e-seo

    the two most basic location-marking particles

    e, e-seo

    I went

    ga-sseo-yo

    school

    hak-gyo

    to

    e

    I went to school

    hak-gyo-e ga-sseo-yo

    Korea

    han-guk

    I came

    wa-sseo-yo

    I came to Korea

    han-gug-e wa-sseo-yo

    to go

    ga-da

    Do you want to go?

    ga-go si-peo-yo?

    where

    eo-di

    Where do you want to go?

    eo-di-e ga-go si-peo-yo?

    I go / you go / s/he goes / they go / let's go

    ga-yo

    went / to have gone

    ga-sseo-yo

    to come

    o-da

    came/ to have come

    wa-sseo-yo

    to be/exist

    it-da

    was/ to have been

    i-sseo-sseo-yo

    saw/ to have seen

    bwa-sseo-yo

    to do

    ha-da

    did/ to have done

    hae-sseo-yo

    when

    eon-je

    Did you do it?

    hae-sseo-yo?

    When did you do it?

    eon-je hae-sseo-yo?

    To arrive

    do-cha-ka-da

    you arrived

    do-cha-kae-sseo-yo

    Did you arrive?

    do-cha-kae-sseo-yo?

    When did you arrive?

    eon-je do-cha-kae-sseo-yo?

    To get up

    i-reo-na-da

    you get up

    i-reo-na-yo

    When do you get up?

    eon-je i-reo-na-yo?

    today

    o-neul

    yesterday

    eo-je

    tomorrow

    nae-il

    now

    ji-geum

    earlier (today), a while ago (today)

    a-kka

    later

    na-jung-e (actual 'j' sound)

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