New

Long-Term Learning

Learn efficiently and remember over time.

Start Long-Term Learning

Get personalized study reminders at intervals optimized for better retention.
Track your progress on this set by creating a folder
Or add to an existing folder

Add this set to a folder

  • Maasai

    speakers of the language Maa

    Location of Maasai

    Africa, East Africa, Tanzania and Kenya

    Nomadic/Nomadic Herding

    humans are nomadic
    humans who move with their herds to find grass and water
    very small scale

    Savanna

    climate, biome, land feature
    grassland with little or no trees
    climate with wet season and dry season (monsoon)

    Seasons

    wet and dry season
    grasses burn dry in drought
    grasses grow during the wet season

    subsistence farming

    growing simply enough to survive
    typically people that live as one with the land

    Family Units

    engangs/kraal (tiny neighborhood)

    Polygamy

    One man, many wives

    Typical Family

    one elder father and 2 adult sons

    Boma

    house
    built and maintained by wife
    stick frame structure with a mud pack exterior
    dirt and urine(cow)

    Getting to Know a Region

    temp+precip+climate+Natural vegetation(natural resources) +Land Use(man) + Animals (flora and fauna)

    Use of Urine

    keep flies off
    source of liquid
    bad smell
    territory marker for predators
    -propels predators

    Survival

    Food
    clothing
    shelter

    Things to Analyze Culture

    climate
    natural vegetation
    natural resources
    food
    clothing
    shelter
    language
    nomadic or settled
    professions
    division of labor
    role of men
    role of women
    role of children
    family unit
    extended family
    nuclear family
    partriarchal or matriarchal
    marriage
    life stages
    common belief system
    religion
    government
    technology
    education

    Natural Resources

    most abundant precious or scarce

    language

    communication
    facial gesture
    spoken
    written
    both

    nomadic or settled

    determined by climate, natural vegetaition, natural resources

    professions

    work, jobs, labor
    lead to economics, wealth, trade

    division of labor

    who does what work and why
    determined by age, gender, skill?
    (determine social hierarchy

    earliest form of labor

    hunters (male) and gatherers (female)

    Role of Men, Women, Children

    what services they provide

    Family Unit

    marriage, order, monogamous or polygamous

    Extended Family

    large
    with multiple generation

    nuclear family

    small family
    parents and children
    immediate family

    patriarchal or matriarchal

    social hierarchy

    marriage

    transfer of wealth
    fidelity
    infidelity

    life stages

    rites of passage
    milestones in development
    rituals and traditions

    Nilotic

    came from north to south down Nile River
    carry themselves influenced by Ancient greece and Rome

    Coiled Metals

    reserved for women ready for marriage

    Maasai Religion

    seek balance in nature and with God
    nature: god are essentially connected
    live in harmony with nature

    Monotheistic

    belief in one god

    Engai

    resides in both heaven and earth
    supreme god
    two aspects
    everywhere

    Polytheistic

    belief in more than one god

    Benevolent

    compassionate, good, giving
    black symbolizes the benevolent-natural phenomenon
    rain and thunder

    Malevolent

    avenging or vengeful
    red-symbolizes the bad natural phenomenon
    power to kill-lighting
    to be feared

    red

    dissapears at night
    can be seen from far away

    balance

    harmony (nature: god) (red:)

    Cattle

    believe that all cattle on earth belong to Maasai
    ownership of cattle is a god -giver right
    most sacred to Maasai with children

    Wealth

    cattle and children

    three facets of Maasai

    warriors
    herders
    agriculture

    Maasai language

    maa
    no written language
    oral tradition

    warrior qualities

    pure Maasai origin
    physical beauty
    perfect health
    couldn't have killed anyone or been associated with any stain or curse
    parents must still be alive and of good repute
    large herd of cattle
    no physical defects
    approved by laibon

    virtues

    fearless
    athletic
    wise
    arrogant
    comrade
    honest
    compassionate
    good lover
    beautiful

    Maasai social hierarchy

    engai
    laibon
    elders
    Sr. older, more experienced, wiser, trusted
    Jr. starting families
    Warriors
    Sr. older, more experience, leaders
    Jr. prove themselves
    women
    children

    roles of warriors

    army
    military
    national guard
    protect cattle
    police
    scouts
    messengers/mail carriers

    roles of elders

    judges
    advisors
    parents
    grandparents
    overseers
    educators
    trainers

    Traditions

    the handing down orally of stories, beliefs, customs, from generation to generation

    Rituals

    a practice done as a rite especially at regular intervals

    Beliefs

    the mental acceptance of something as true even though absolute certainty and/ or reason may be absent faith (especially religious) trust, confidence

    Religion

    belief in a divine or superhuman power to be obeyed or worshipped
    any system of beliefs, practices, thical values, worship

    Ceremony

    religious influence on tradition

    rite

    a ceremonial act in accordance with perscribed rules or customs as in religious use (marriage rites)

    taboos

    a social prohibition or restriction that results from tradition (forbidden)

    virtues

    general moral excelence right action and thinking, goodness or morality
    internal

    customs

    a social convention carried on by tradition and enforced by social disapproval of any violation

    values

    the social principles, goals, or standards held or accepted by an individual, class, or sociel
    external

    Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

    Having trouble? Click here for help.

    We can’t access your microphone!

    Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

    Example:

    Reload the page to try again!

    Reload

    Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

    Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

    It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

    Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
    to use Voice Recording.

    For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

    Your microphone is muted

    For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

    Star this term

    You can study starred terms together

    NEW! Voice Recording

    This is a Plus feature