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  • Tippi

    adds nasal sound, used with mukta, sihaari, aunkar and Dulainkar. (written above and between two letters)

    Bindi

    nasal sound goes with kanna, laavan, dulaavan bihari, hora, kanaura, aunkar and dullainkar (written right above vowel or to the right of the vowel, not right above the letter)

    Addhak

    makes a double sound placed between the two letters

    Mukta

    neutral vowel

    Kanna

    long low back unrounded vowel like "a" in car (cannot be used with ooraa and eerie) (can appear more than once in the same word)

    Sihaari

    short front unrounded vowel, written before the letter (does not go with ooraa and aaraa) cannot be used at the end of the word

    Bihaari

    makes the ee sound (cannot be used with ooraa and aaraa)

    aunkar

    makes short "u" sound cannot go with aaraa and eerie

    Dulainkar

    makes the long "oo" (does not go with aaraa or eeriee)

    Laavan

    makes the long "a" sound (does not go with ooraa or aaraa)

    Dulaavan

    makes the flat "a" like camera

    Hora

    makes the flat "o" sound like go or phone (does not go with aaraa or eeriee

    Kanauara

    makes the "ow" sound like bowl or crown (does not go with ooraa or eerie)

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