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  • want/need

    inf + Num

    don't want/need

    inf + veeNDaam

    needed/wanted

    inf + veeNDi irundadu

    can

    inf + muDiyum

    cannot

    inf + muDiyaadu

    could

    Inf + muDincadu

    could not

    Inf + muDiyale

    I am able to speak tamil

    ennaal tamizh peesamuDiyum

    human present tense marker

    R

    neuter present tense plural marker

    R

    I do

    seyreen

    You (inf) do

    seyRe

    You (frm) do

    seyRiingga(L)

    We do

    seyRoom

    He (inf) does

    seyRaa(N)

    He (frm) does

    seyRaaru

    she (inf) does

    seyRaaL

    she (frm) does

    seyRaangga(L)

    it does

    seyyudu

    they do

    seykiRadu

    what did you do?

    enna senciingga

    class 1 past tense marker (do, cry, rain)

    t

    class 2 past tense marker (come, give, know, sit, fall)

    nd

    I knew that

    adu enakku terinccu

    class 3 past tense marker (sleep, pannu, feel, speak, buy, become, say, go)

    in

    class 3 neuter past (spoken)

    iydu

    past of சொல்

    sonn

    past of போ

    poon

    class 4 past tense marker

    drop u and double consonant

    stand past stem

    tinn

    sell past stem

    vitt

    learn past stem

    katt

    ask/listen past stem

    keepp

    class 6 past tense marker

    tt

    class 7 past tense marker

    n'd

    conditional

    past + aa

    negative conditional

    past + aaTTaa

    if it is not

    illaaTTaa

    even if

    past + aa + (u)m

    even if not

    inf + aaTTaa + (u)m

    cause and effect

    verbal noun + aal

    because it didn't

    inf + aatt(u) + aal

    adverbial participle (avp) of all verbs except class 3

    past + u

    class 3 adverbial participle (avp)

    past + i

    negative adverbial participle

    inf + aame

    perfect

    avp + irukkiR

    past perfect

    avp + irun'da

    kol aux present

    avp + kR

    kol aux past

    avp + kiTT

    kol aux future

    avp + kkuv

    kol aux inf

    avp + kk

    I came to know Tamil

    n'aan tamizh terin'dukiTTeen

    simultaneity: non-finite adverbial participal of kol aux

    Avp + kiTTu

    progressive

    Avp + kiTT(u) + iru

    neg progressive

    kiTTirukkale

    present accidental, unexpected, definitive, completed events

    avp + Du

    past accidental, unexpected, definitive, completed events

    avp + TT

    present adjective participle

    present stem + a

    past adjective participle

    past stem + a

    future adjective participle

    inf + um

    negative adjective participle

    inf + ada

    when

    Past/present/future adjective participle + poo

    at the time of

    Past/present/future adjective participle+ samayam

    after

    Past/present/future adjective participle+ piRaku

    before

    Past/present/future adjective participle+ munnaale

    until

    Past/present/future adjective participle+ varaikkum

    immediately after

    Past/present/future adjective participle+ oDaNee

    present verbal noun

    present + a + adu

    past verbal noun

    past + a + adu

    future verbal noun

    inf + um + adu

    negative verbal noun

    inf + ada + adu

    the fact that

    Radu

    conditional

    NN aa

    nevertheless

    enraalum

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