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  • Adonai

    A hebrew name for god, meaning "lord.", Master

    Apikoros

    sinner; heretic; hypocrite

    Bris, Brit, Brith

    the Jewish rite of circumcision performed on a male child on the eighth day of his life
    Covenant

    Chazzen, Hazzan, Hazzen

    A Cantor in a Synagogue

    Cheder, Heder, Kheder

    Jewish school for elementary school kids.

    Chelm

    A city in Poland known for its Jewish stories about mythical residents.,
    A village which, according to Jewish folklore, was inhabited by foolish souls

    Chozzer, Chazzer, Hazzer

    One who Reviews, Rabbi who memoriezes the teachings

    Chuppa

    a wedding canopy, serves as a symbol of the home they are about to make

    Chutzpah

    (Yiddish) unbelievable gall,
    n. nerve; audacity

    Daven

    [Jewish Term] to pray, sway rock lightly

    Dybbuk

    (Jewish folklore) a demon that enters the body of a living person and controls that body's behavior

    Eretz Yisroel

    The Land of Israel, Jewish people regard as their God-given homeland.

    Feh

    "An expression of disgust or disapproval, representative of the sound of spitting."

    Gehenna, Gehinnom

    The Jewish term for "hell." ly the site of human sacrifice, this Jerusalem valley was cursed by the prophet Jeremiah as a place of death and corruption. In Jesus' day it was used as a garbage dump.

    Gevalt

    A strong exclamation for help or out of fear; desperate expression of protest.-Yiddish

    "Oy Gevalt!," cried Solly, clutching his dome after being hit with a stray golf ball.

    Golem

    (Jewish folklore) an artificially created human being that is given life by supernatural means

    Kaddish

    jewish prayer for the dead

    Kibitzer

    (Yiddish) a meddler who offers unwanted advice to others

    Klutz

    (Yiddish) a clumsy dolt

    Kohen

    High priest, descendant of Moses and Aaron, who is responsible for offering the prescribed sacrifices

    Mazel Tov

    yiddish for "congratulations"

    Meshugge

    Senseless; crazy.

    Naches

    "Pride" or joy" especially at the achievements of one's children.

    Nebech, Nebbish

    (Yiddish) a timid unfortunate simpleton, pitful person

    Nu

    well!, now! (interjection)

    Putz

    fool, jerk

    Rebbe

    A rabbi, esp. a religious leader of the Hasidic sect

    Shadchen

    A matchmaker.

    shlemiel

    "A clumsy, inept person, similar to a klutz (also a Yiddish word). The kind of person who always spills his soup."

    Shmaltz

    lit. chicken fat drippings, eating on challah; pathos or excessive sentimentality

    Shmuck

    (Yiddish) a jerk,

    Shtunk

    Someone of a nasty disposition

    Shtup

    slang terms for sexual intercourse

    Tsuris, Tsoris

    (Yiddish) aggravating trouble

    Yenta

    (Yiddish) a woman gossip unable to keep a secret

    Orthodox Judaism

    In conversion, require circumcision
    Must be immersed in Mikvah
    Men and Women Don't sit together
    Men must have head covered
    Tradition decides what is believed
    Women wouldn't giver surmon

    Mikvah

    (Hebrew) a ritual purification and cleansing bath that Orthodox Jews take on certain occasions (as before Sabbath or after menstruation)

    Reform Judaism

    Circumcision Not required
    Men and woman can sit together
    men not required to have head covering
    individuals choose what to believe
    Women can give surmons

    Reconstructionist

    Beleive in No personal God

    Secular Judasim

    Unafiliated to any established church

    Tzitzit

    Fringes on the Tallit

    Skull cap color

    Any Color

    Nudnik

    : a person who is a bore or nuisance, prays to much

    Why Pray

    To get closer to God
    Allow us To change

    3 types of Prayer

    Prayers of Praise
    Prayers of Request
    Prayers of Thanksgiving

    Keva

    Routine, no heart in the prayer

    Kavannah

    Reciting something and taking it to heart

    Siddur

    Prayer Book

    Aliyah

    To be called up to read from torah

    3 Houses of the Synagoge

    House of Prayer
    House of Study
    House of Assembly

    Things all synagoges have

    Library
    Min. 10 people to hold service
    Prayers are collective

    B'nai

    Sons/Children of Jacob

    Bethisrael

    House of Israel

    Purocet

    Vail in front of window

    More things synagoges have

    Arc on East Wall
    Eternal Light
    Purocet
    Windows at least 1
    Platform to read scrolls from (Bima)
    Tablets with names of dead

    People of the Synagoge

    Ravvi, Cantor, Shammash, Director of Education, Pres of Congregation

    Shammash

    The handy man of the congregation, does everything all of the small stuff

    Mezuzzah

    Box afixed to a door, contains hand written scirpture

    Shalom Bayit

    peace in the house

    Kippa

    (or Yarmulke) Jewish "skull cap" worn by males for prayer and sacred occasions

    Tallit

    Prayer Shawl

    Mizrach

    A plaque on the wall say which way is east.

    Tzaddik

    According to Hasidism, a pious leader who is the intermediary between God and man, the "soul of the world"

    Messenger mal-ach

    Angle

    Kashrut

    Jewish dietary laws

    Bet Din

    "House of judgement"; rabbinic court of Judaism

    ketubah

    Jewish pre-marital contract in which the husband is to provide for the wife and pay money if divorce

    mohel

    The person who performs the ritual of circumcision

    chevra kaddisha

    an organization of Jewish men and women who make sure the bodies are prepared for buriel

    Jahrzeit

    Annual remembrance day for deceased.

    Matzah

    brittle flat bread eaten at Passover

    Seder

    (Judaism) the ceremonial dinner on the first night (or both nights) of Passover

    Haggadah

    The text recited at the Seder on the first two nights of the Jewish Passover, including a narrative of the Exodus.

    Purim

    This Jewish holiday is marked by the exchange of gifts, donations to the poor, and the reading of the Book of Esther in the Bible, and which commemorates their deliverance from massacre by Haman
    Children wear costumes

    Sukkot

    Autumn harvest festival when huts of branches are erected in memory of the time in the wilderness.

    Tisha b'Av

    a day of mourning to commemorate tragedies affecting the Jewish people, particularly the fall of the First and Second temples in Jerusalem

    Passover/ Pesach

    a joyful spring festival that recalls the hebrews' exodus from egypt and freedom from oppression
    Nissan

    Chanukah

    (Judaism) an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem in 165 BC

    Rosh Hashanah

    The Jewish New Year

    Shavuot/Pentecost

    a Jewish festival that commemorates God's giving of the Ten Commandments to Moses

    Simchat Torah

    (Judaism) a Jewish holy day celebrated on the 22nd or 23rd of Tishri to celebrate the completion of the annual cycle of readings of the Torah

    Exorcism

    White Robes, Candles, Shofar (Ram's horn)

    Gematreya

    words have a numerical value

    Shechita

    The ritual slaughtering of birds and mammals according to Jewish Dietary laws

    Shochet

    a holy person that is the person that performs the shechitah ritual killing

    Shiva

    (Judaism) a period of seven days of mourning after the death of close relative

    Sheloshima

    30 day mourning period

    olam ha-ba

    "the world to come", the end of uncertainty, miseries, and strife

    nissuin

    wedding ceremony that follows Jewish laws and traditions

    kiddushin

    part of talmud that deals with the ceremony and rules concerning betrothal, or engagement

    kittel

    the groom wears this for the first time on his wedding day, and then wears it on every yom kippur and he wears it when he is buried.(symbolizes life and death)

    kallah

    Bride

    chattan

    groom

    Bashert

    Marriage; soulmate

    Seder

    Passover meal

    Food of the Seder

    Wine, matzot, Karpa (green veggy), Fruit and Nuts, Bitter Herbs, Roatsted Egg, Roasted Bone, Salt +water, special cup for Elijah, chametz

    Manna

    food that God gave the Israelites during the Exodus

    Yom Kippor

    Jewish Day of Atonement- fasting and reflecting on one's sins

    Rosh hashanah

    the beginning of the year; The festival occurring in early fall in commemoration of the new year.

    Mitzvot

    deeds of loving kindness

    Shabbat

    Jewish Sabbath which runs from friday evening to saturday evening

    Kiddish

    santification, blessing over wine

    Mishna

    collection of Jewish laws, oral law written down in 220 AD, with Gemara equals Talmud, seed festivals, women, damages, holy things, purities

    Gemara

    the second part of the Talmud consisting primarily of commentary on the Mishna
    two of them, Palestinian, Babalonean

    6 sections of the Mishna

    Seeds, Time, Women, Damages, Holly Things, Purity

    Talmud

    the collection of ancient rabbinic writings on Jewish law and tradition (the Mishna and the Gemara) that constitute the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism

    5 Books of the Torah

    Genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, deuteronomy

    Tanach

    the Jewish scriptures which consist of three divisions--the Torah and the Prophets and the Writings

    The Sin

    Judaism vs Chirstianity

    Kohanim

    priests; descendant of aaron

    agape

    the greek term for divine, unconditional love; the manner in which God loves us

    tetragrammatron

    four letters in Hebrew that form the name of god - "YHWH" meaning I AM WHO I AM

    Chesed

    the Hebrew word for 'commitment'. The Old Testament often described God's steadfast loyalty and love by using this word

    noahide laws

    Seven laws based on God's communication to Noah; Noah's laws. Laws that all mankind should live by:
    Prohibition of Idolatry; Prohibition of Blasphemy; Prohibition of Murder; Prohibition of Adultery; Prohibition of Robbery; Prohibition of Eating of the Flesh of Live Animals; and the Establishment of Courts of Justice.

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